Chalcogenide Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Polymers: Ultrahigh Refractive Index Polymers for Infrared Imaging

Laura E. Anderson, Tristan S. Kleine, Yueyan Zhang, David D. Phan, Soha Namnabat, Edward A. LaVilla, Katrina M. Konopka, Lilliana Ruiz Diaz, Michael S. Manchester, James T Schwiegerling, Richard S Glass, Michael E. Mackay, Kookheon Char, Robert A Norwood, Dong-Chul Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the preparation of ultrahigh refractive index polymers via the inverse vulcanization of elemental sulfur, selenium, and 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene for use as novel transmissive materials for mid-infrared (IR) imaging applications. Poly(sulfur-random-selenium-random-(1,3-diisopropenylbenzene)) (poly(S-r-Se-r-DIB) terpolymer materials from this process exhibit the highest refractive index of any synthetic polymer (n > 2.0) and excellent IR transparency, which can be directly tuned by terpolymer composition. Sulfur or selenium containing (co)polymers prepared via inverse vulcanization can be described as Chalcogenide Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Polymers (CHIPs) and are polymeric analogues to wholly inorganic Chalcogenide Glasses (ChGs), which are commonly used as transmissive materials in mid-IR imaging. Finally, we demonstrate that CHIPs composed of (poly(S-r-Se-r-DIB) can be melt processed into windows that enabled high quality mid-IR thermal imaging of human subjects and highly resolved imaging of human vasculature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-504
Number of pages5
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2017

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Inorganic polymers
Organic polymers
Infrared imaging
Refractive index
Polymers
Selenium
Sulfur
Vulcanization
Terpolymers
Transparency
Infrared radiation
Imaging techniques
Glass
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Chalcogenide Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Polymers : Ultrahigh Refractive Index Polymers for Infrared Imaging. / Anderson, Laura E.; Kleine, Tristan S.; Zhang, Yueyan; Phan, David D.; Namnabat, Soha; LaVilla, Edward A.; Konopka, Katrina M.; Ruiz Diaz, Lilliana; Manchester, Michael S.; Schwiegerling, James T; Glass, Richard S; Mackay, Michael E.; Char, Kookheon; Norwood, Robert A; Pyun, Dong-Chul.

In: ACS Macro Letters, Vol. 6, No. 5, 16.05.2017, p. 500-504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anderson, LE, Kleine, TS, Zhang, Y, Phan, DD, Namnabat, S, LaVilla, EA, Konopka, KM, Ruiz Diaz, L, Manchester, MS, Schwiegerling, JT, Glass, RS, Mackay, ME, Char, K, Norwood, RA & Pyun, D-C 2017, 'Chalcogenide Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Polymers: Ultrahigh Refractive Index Polymers for Infrared Imaging', ACS Macro Letters, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 500-504. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsmacrolett.7b00225
Anderson, Laura E. ; Kleine, Tristan S. ; Zhang, Yueyan ; Phan, David D. ; Namnabat, Soha ; LaVilla, Edward A. ; Konopka, Katrina M. ; Ruiz Diaz, Lilliana ; Manchester, Michael S. ; Schwiegerling, James T ; Glass, Richard S ; Mackay, Michael E. ; Char, Kookheon ; Norwood, Robert A ; Pyun, Dong-Chul. / Chalcogenide Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Polymers : Ultrahigh Refractive Index Polymers for Infrared Imaging. In: ACS Macro Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 5. pp. 500-504.
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