Chalcone isomerase gene from rice (Oryza sativa) and barley (Hordeum vulgare): Physical, genetic and mutation mapping

Arnis Druka, David Kudrna, Nils Rostoks, Robert Brueggeman, Diter Von Wettstein, Andris Kleinhofs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The barley and rice chalcone flavonone isomerase (Cfi) genes were isolated and identified by homology to the maize Cfi gene. Structure analysis indicated high similarity except that the barley gene lacked intron 3. The maize Cfi gene has been mapped to three loci, but only a single locus was detected in barley and rice. This explains the lack of observed mutants in maize while a single locus anthocyanin-less 30 (ant30), with four alleles ant30-245, ant30-310, ant30-272 and ant30-287 has been described in barley. Based on biochemical analysis it has been suggested that these mutants are in the Cfi gene resulting in absence of anthocyanin. In order to provide molecular evidence for or against this hypothesis we sequenced the four ant30 alleles and compared them to their respective wild-type alleles. The three sodium azide induced mutants ant30-245, ant30-272 and ant30-287 showed single base changes resulting in two non-sense and one mis-sense mutations affecting the protein function. The 1-nitroso-5,6-dihydrouracil induced mutant ant30-310 had one base substitution and a 25 bp deletion. These observations are in accordance with the conclusion that the ant30 phenotype is caused by mutations in the Cfi gene. The nature of the mutants induced is in line with the proposed mechanism of action for the mutagens used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalGene
Volume302
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2003

Keywords

  • Anthocyanin-less 30
  • Azide mutagenesis
  • Flavonoids
  • Synteny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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