Background Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has dramatically expanded treatment options for patients with thoracic aortic pathology. The interaction between endografts and the dynamic anatomy of the thoracic aorta is not well characterized for repetitive physiologic stressors and subsequent issues related to long-term durability. Through three-dimensional (3D) modeling we sought to quantify cardiac-induced aortic deformation before and after TEVAR to assess the impact of endografts on dynamic aortic anatomy. Methods Eight patients with acute (n = 4) or chronic (n = 3) type B dissections, or chronic arch aneurysm (n = 1), underwent TEVAR with a single (n = 5) or multiple (n = 3) Gore C-TAG(s). Cardiac-resolved thoracic CT images were acquired pre- and post-TEVAR. 3D models of thoracic aorta and branch vessels were constructed in systole and diastole. Axial length, mean, and peak curvature of the ascending aorta, arch, and stented lumens were computed from the aortic lumen centerline, delineated with branch vessel landmarks. Cardiac-induced deformation was computed from mid-diastole to end-systole. Results Pre-TEVAR, there were no significant cardiac-induced changes for aortic axial length or mean curvature. Post-TEVAR, the ascending aorta increased in axial length (2.7 ± 3.1%, P < 0.05) and decreased in mean curvature (0.38 ± 0.05 → 0.36 ± 0.05 cm−1, P < 0.05) from diastole to systole. From pre- to post-TEVAR, axial length change increased in the ascending aorta (P < 0.02), mean curvature decreased in the arch and stented aorta (P < 0.03), and peak curvature decreased in the stented aorta (P < 0.05). Conclusions TEVAR for a range of indications not only causes direct geometric changes to the stented aorta but also results in dynamic changes to the ascending and stented aorta. In our cohort, endograft placement straightens the stented aorta and mutes cardiac-induced bending due to longitudinal stiffness. This is compensated by greater length and curvature changes from diastole to systole in the ascending aorta, relative to pre-TEVAR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine