Changes in right ventricular relaxation during acute anterior myocardial infarction in pigs

Laryenth D. Lancaster, Karl B Kern, Douglass A. Morrison, Marcey Olajos, Steven Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To determine the effect of an anteroseptal myocardial infarction on right ventricular systolic and diastolic function, we studied 12 pigs before and 1 h after left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion. Total arterial occlusion was achieved by the percutaneous, transcatheter placement of a 1 mm Teflon plug into the mid portion of the artery. The resulting infarction involved 28 (SEM 3)% of the left ventricular wall, in the anterior and septal regions. A small rim of the right ventricular free wall adjacent to the septum and the right ventricular apex were also affected. End diastolic pressures in both ventricles rose significantly: left ventricular from 12(1) to 20(2) mm Hg and right ventricular from 8(1) to 10(1) mm Hg. Right ventricular peak systolic pressure increased from 29(2) to 35(2) mm Hg while left ventricular peak systolic pressure did not change. One hour after infarction the half time of isovolumic relaxation of the right ventricle was prolonged from 6.9(0.5) to 8.7(0.4) ms. Ejection fraction in both ventricles was depressed: from 46(1) to 34(2)% in the right ventricle and from 69(3) to 49(3) in the left ventricle. There was no change in either right or left ventricular dP/dt. These data suggest that right ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction occurs as the result of an anteroseptal myocardial infarction in pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Acute Myocardial Infarction
Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction
Heart Ventricles
Infarction
Myocardial Infarction
Swine
Blood Pressure
Occlusion
Diastolic Function
Septum of Brain
Ventricular Septum
Left Ventricle
Coronary Artery
Coronary Occlusion
Apex
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Arteries
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Placement
Coronary Vessels

Keywords

  • Diastolic function
  • Interventricular septum
  • Ventricular interdependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Changes in right ventricular relaxation during acute anterior myocardial infarction in pigs. / Lancaster, Laryenth D.; Kern, Karl B; Morrison, Douglass A.; Olajos, Marcey; Goldman, Steven.

In: Cardiovascular Research, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.1989, p. 46-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lancaster, Laryenth D. ; Kern, Karl B ; Morrison, Douglass A. ; Olajos, Marcey ; Goldman, Steven. / Changes in right ventricular relaxation during acute anterior myocardial infarction in pigs. In: Cardiovascular Research. 1989 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 46-52.
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