Changes in selected quality attributes of greenhouse tomato fruit as affected by pre-and postharvest environmental conditions in year-round production

Chieri Kubota, Mark Kroggel, Mohammad Torabi, Katherine A. Dietrich, Hyun Jin Kim, Jorge Fonseca, Cynthia A. Thomson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Durinta tomatoes were grown hydroponically using rockwool substrate in greenhouses to assess the seasonal and postharvest changes of selected quality attributes including lycopene and total soluble solids (TSS, % Brix) concentrations in fruit when grownundervariedelectricalconductivity(EC)inthenutrientsolution. TwolevelsofEC examined in this study were 2. 4 and 4. 8 dS·mL-1 for standard low EC and high EC treatments, respectively. All fruits at light-red and red ripeness stages were harvested and weighed every week, and nine fruits visually representing the median group of red fruits were selected from each EC treatment and subject to measurements of lycopene and TSS concentrations. Of 53 harvest weeks (Dec. 2005 to Dec. 2006), 45 weeks were subject to fruit quality analyses at harvest and 3 weeks were subject to postharvest quality analyses. Lycopene concentration and TSS showed seasonal differences with larger variation in lycopene, but the high EC treatment induced an overall average of 18% greater lycopene concentration and a 20% greater TSS. The regression analyses indicated that efflux solution EC (EEC) was the most influential factor for both lycopene and TSS concentrations, but secondary influential factors were greenhouse temperature for lycopene and daily light integral for TSS. Postharvest storage test showed that selected fruit quality attributes (lycopene, TSS, ascorbic acid, and total phenolics) changed minimally or not at all for 10 days when stored at 12 8C, a widely recommended tomato postharvest storage temperature. Overall, we consider that producing lycopenerich tomato by controlling EC of nutrient solution was feasible during year-round greenhouse production using a high-wire rockwool culture system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1698-1704
Number of pages7
JournalHortScience
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Controlled environment
  • Hydroponic
  • Lycopene
  • Soluble solids
  • TSS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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