Character of organic matter in soil-aquifer treatment systems

Jörg E. Drewes, David M Quanrud, Gary L. Amy, Paul K. Westerhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the character and fate of bulk organics in reclaimed water used for groundwater recharge via soil-aquifer treatment (SAT). The study design followed a watershed guided approach considering hydraulically corresponding samples of drinking water sources, SAT-applied wastewater effluents, and subsequent post-SAT samples representing a series of different travel times in the subsurface. Water samples were fractionated into hydrophobic acids, transphilic acids, and hydrophilic carbon using a XAD resin-based protocol. Extensive characterization of organic carbon in the different samples was performed using state-of-the-art analytical techniques including excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy, size exclusion chromatography, carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C-NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and elemental analysis. During SAT, transphilic and hydrophilic organic matter were preferentially removed. The results generally demonstrated that naturally derived (NOM) and effluent-derived organic matter after SAT overlap extensively in molecular weight distribution, amount and distribution of hydrophobic and hydrophilic carbon fractions, and chemical characteristics based on elemental analysis and 13C-NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. However, the residual portion of the dissolved organic carbon contained both effluent-derived organic matter and NOM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1458
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume132
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Aquifers
Biological materials
aquifer
Soils
organic matter
nuclear magnetic resonance
Effluents
Carbon
effluent
Organic carbon
FTIR spectroscopy
soil
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
spectroscopy
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Acids
fluorescence spectroscopy
Size exclusion chromatography
Water
acid

Keywords

  • Aquifers
  • Ground-water recharge
  • Organic matter
  • Soil treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Character of organic matter in soil-aquifer treatment systems. / Drewes, Jörg E.; Quanrud, David M; Amy, Gary L.; Westerhoff, Paul K.

In: Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 11, 11.2006, p. 1447-1458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Drewes, Jörg E. ; Quanrud, David M ; Amy, Gary L. ; Westerhoff, Paul K. / Character of organic matter in soil-aquifer treatment systems. In: Journal of Environmental Engineering. 2006 ; Vol. 132, No. 11. pp. 1447-1458.
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