Characterisation and calibration of three physical forms of thermochromic liquid crystals

Manish Bharara, J. E. Cobb, A. M. Anderson, D. J. Claremont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Liquid crystal thermography (LCT) provides a colour response proportional to the temperature of a heated surface in contact with the crystals. Thermochromic liquid crystals (TLC) are offered in the form of an emulsion, polymer sheet or latex support. Wider adoption of this technology has been limited due to response time, pressure sensitivity and imaging equipment. It is important to characterise TLC based on their chemical composition, colour play interval, spatial density and repeatability. This paper presents results for three forms of TLC material in terms of the effects of incident lighting, pressure sensitivity and hysteresis. Data are presented in the form of hue versus temperature calibration curves. Hue versus temperature curve shifts towards higher hue values for the identical temperature producing a maximum change of 15-20% in hue when the lighting intensity is changed from minimum to maximum. Hysteresis in the calibration curve occurred when the liquid crystals were heated above the colour play range producing a maximum temperature change of 1°C for R25C5W TLC sheet. This hysteresis was not permanent. The authors recommend using liquid crystals within their colour bandwidth to overcome hysteresis effects. The results may be helpful in developing LCT for various biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalImaging Science Journal
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Liquid crystals
liquid crystals
Calibration
Hysteresis
Color
hysteresis
color
Temperature
Lighting
illuminating
curves
temperature
Latexes
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Emulsions
latex
emulsions
Bandwidth
Imaging techniques
Crystals

Keywords

  • Hue calibration
  • Hysteresis
  • Liquid crystal thermography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Cite this

Characterisation and calibration of three physical forms of thermochromic liquid crystals. / Bharara, Manish; Cobb, J. E.; Anderson, A. M.; Claremont, D. J.

In: Imaging Science Journal, Vol. 55, No. 4, 12.2007, p. 232-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bharara, Manish ; Cobb, J. E. ; Anderson, A. M. ; Claremont, D. J. / Characterisation and calibration of three physical forms of thermochromic liquid crystals. In: Imaging Science Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 232-241.
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