Characteristics of a microsomal dechlorination system

R. A. Van Dyke, A Jay Gandolfi

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Abstract

Microsomes were solubilized and the components of the mixed function oxidase system were isolated. With a reconstituted system containing partially purified cytochrome P 450, NADPH cytochrome c reductase, NADPH, and phospholipid, dechlorination of 1,1,2 trichloroethane was observed. Addition of cytochrome b5, NADH cytochrome b5 reductase, and cyanide sensitive factor to this system resulted in additional activity, but the cytochrome b5 system by itself would not dechlorinate. The activity of the complete system was not altered by the presence of the cyanide sensitive factor. Whole microsomes also were studied and the kinetics of the dechlorination reaction were determined. The K(m) was 3.32 mM; V(max) was 1.09 nmoles of substrate dechlorinated per minute per milligram of protein. The addition of NADH to the NADPH system significantly increased both K(m) and V(max). The microsomal enzyme system required molecular oxygen; the presence of the cell supernatant fraction produced an increase in the V(max) of dechlorination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-817
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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