Characterization of a New Drug-resistant Human Myeloma Cell Line That Expresses P-Glycoprotein

William S. Dalton, Brian G.M. Durie, David S. Alberts, James Gerlach, Anne E. Cress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

239 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple myeloma is a disease with a high initial chemotherapeutic response but virtually no cures due to emergence of drug resistance. A doxorubicin-resistant human myeloma cell line (8226/Dox) has been selected from the myeloma cell line RPMI8226 by continuously exposing cells to gradually increasing doses of doxorubicin. The resistant phenotype has been retained for over 2 months despite growth in drug-free medium. The resistant subline was cross-resistant to mitoxantrone, ac-ronycine, etoposide, and vincristine. The 8226/Dox cell line remained sensitive to melphalan but acquired collateral sensitivity to dexamethasone. Intracellular doxorubicin accumulation, as measured by [14C]doxorubicin and high-performance liquid chromatography, was decreased by 54% at 1 h for 8226/Dox compared to the sensitive line. Efflux of doxorubicin was significantly greater in the resistant subline as compared to the sensitive parent cell line. Membrane analysis using immunoblotting techniques detected increased expression of the integral membrane protein P-glycoprotein (Mr170,000) in the resistant subline. Cytogenetic analysis of 8226/Dox revealed a 7q-anomaly not seen in the parent cell line. No double minutes or homogeneously staining regions were observed. The drug sensitivity/resistance pattern of the resistant cell line correlates well with clinical observations indicating the potential of this cell line as a model for resistance in multiple myeloma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5125-5130
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume46
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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