This study exploits aquifer responses to the reduction of pumping rates at different locations in a synthetic groundwater basin as basin-scale hydraulic tomography (HT) surveys to estimate transmissivity (T) and storage coefficient (S) fields. This experiment mimics the situation of groundwater exploitation reduction in a pilot area of groundwater-overexploitation control in the North China Plain. The results of the study show that taking advantage of the groundwater exploitation reduction as HT surveys is a viable approach for basin-scale parameter estimations. Results also suggest that HT analysis should use accurate mean values of T and S for geological zones as initial guesses for the inversion of parameters. Further, we show that the T and S fields estimated from HT yield accurate predictions of the groundwater flow velocities and breakthrough curves (BTCs). However, the BTCs based on kriged and zonal mean fields are inaccurate. The predicted BTCs using homogeneous fields fail to capture the true trend of solute concentration over time. We advocate that utilizing aquifer responses induced by groundwater exploitation reduction could be a new paradigm for basin-scale aquifer characterization.
- Basin-scale aquifer heterogeneity
- Groundwater exploitation reduction
- Hydraulic tomography
- North China Plain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Water Science and Technology