Characterization of glucose transporter 8 (GLUT8) in the ovine placenta of normal and growth restricted fetuses

S. W. Limesand, T. R.H. Regnault, W. W. Hay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Facilitated glucose transporters (GLUTs) in the chorionic epithelium are primary conduits for glucose delivery to placental and fetal tissues. The objective of this study was to characterize GLUT8 in the ovine placenta and determine if differences in mRNA and protein concentrations occur in an ovine model of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). A GLUT8 partial mRNA was generated, which shares 95 per cent identity with bovine GLUT8 nucleotide sequence. Northern hybridization identified a 2.1 kilobase transcript. GLUT8 mRNA concentrations normalized to β-actin mRNA concentrations increased during late gestation. Western immunoblots with an affinity-purified anti-mouse GLUT8 antiscrum detected GLUT8 in late gestation ovine placenta plasma membranes. GLUT8 was immunolocalized to the chorionic epithelial layer and uterine epithelial cells from mid to late gestation. GLUT8 mRNA and protein concentrations at 135 days gestational age were decreased by 34.8 per cent and 21.8 per cent, respectively (P<0.05), in an ovine placental insufficiency model of IUGR. Identification of GLUT8 in the ovine placenta indicates a potential role for GLUT8 in mediating glucose uptake within the placenta and transport to the fetus. Further studies are necessary to confirm this hypothesis and whether the observed decreases in GLUT8 in the PI-IUGR model might contribute, at least in part, to the placental glucose transport deficit that occurs in this model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalPlacenta
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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