Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has been used to structurally characterize the copper-binding site in CusF protein from Escherichia coli. The EPR spectra indicate a single type II copper center with parameters typical for nitrogen and oxygen ligands (A∥∼200 G, g∥∼2.186, g⊥∼2.051). The pulsed EPR data show that one of the ligands to Cu2+ is an imidazole ring of a histidine residue. The remote amino nitrogen of this imidazole ring is readily observed by electron spin-echo envelope modulation spectroscopy, while the imino nitrogen that is directly coordinated to the Cu2+ ion is observed by pulsed electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR). In addition, the ENDOR spectra reveal the presence of one more nitrogen ligand that was assigned to be a deprotonated peptide nitrogen. Apart from the two nitrogen ligands, it has been established that there are two nearby hydroxyl protons, although whether these belong to a single equatorial water ligand or two equatorial hydroxide ligands is not known.
- Copper homeostasis
- Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry