Characterization of the hot Neptune GJ 436 b with Spitzer and ground-based observations

B. O. Demory, M. Gillon, Travis S Barman, X. Bonfils, M. Mayor, T. Mazeh, D. Queloz, S. Udry, F. Bouchy, X. Delfosse, T. Forveille, F. Mallmann, F. Pepe, C. Perrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present Spitzer Space Telescope infrared photometry of a secondary eclipse of the hot Neptune GJ 436 b. The observations were obtained using the 8-μm band of the InfraRed Array Camera (IRAC). The data spanning the predicted time of secondary eclipse show a clear flux decrement with the expected shape and duration. The observed eclipse depth of 0.58 mmag allows us to estimate a blackbody brightness temperature of TP = 717 ± 35 K at 8 μm. We compare this infrared flux measurement to a model of the planetary thermal emission, and show that this model reproduces properly the observed flux decrement. The timing of the secondary eclipse confirms the non-zero orbital eccentricity of the planet, while also increasing its precision (e = 0.14 ± 0.01). Additional new spectroscopic and photometric observations allow us to estimate the rotational period of the star and to assess the potential presence of another planet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1125-1129
Number of pages5
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume475
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neptune (planet)
Neptune
eclipses
planet
flux measurement
brightness temperature
eccentricity
planets
infrared photometry
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
thermal emission
estimates
cameras
time measurement
stars
orbitals

Keywords

  • Eclipses
  • Infrared: general
  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: individual: GJ 436
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: spectroscopic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Characterization of the hot Neptune GJ 436 b with Spitzer and ground-based observations. / Demory, B. O.; Gillon, M.; Barman, Travis S; Bonfils, X.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Queloz, D.; Udry, S.; Bouchy, F.; Delfosse, X.; Forveille, T.; Mallmann, F.; Pepe, F.; Perrier, C.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 475, No. 3, 12.2007, p. 1125-1129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Demory, BO, Gillon, M, Barman, TS, Bonfils, X, Mayor, M, Mazeh, T, Queloz, D, Udry, S, Bouchy, F, Delfosse, X, Forveille, T, Mallmann, F, Pepe, F & Perrier, C 2007, 'Characterization of the hot Neptune GJ 436 b with Spitzer and ground-based observations', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 475, no. 3, pp. 1125-1129. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078354
Demory, B. O. ; Gillon, M. ; Barman, Travis S ; Bonfils, X. ; Mayor, M. ; Mazeh, T. ; Queloz, D. ; Udry, S. ; Bouchy, F. ; Delfosse, X. ; Forveille, T. ; Mallmann, F. ; Pepe, F. ; Perrier, C. / Characterization of the hot Neptune GJ 436 b with Spitzer and ground-based observations. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2007 ; Vol. 475, No. 3. pp. 1125-1129.
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