Charge-imaging field-effect transistors (FETs) were fabricated from a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure containing a near-surface two-dimensional electron gas. These FETs have quantum point contact geometries to minimize the size of the channel and to improve the spatial resolution. The charge noise at 7=4.2 K has a 1/f behavior and reaches values ≪ 1 e/Hz1/2 at 30 kHz. The spatial resolution of the FET was measured at liquid He temperatures using a scanned probe microscope with a charged tip. The charge sensitivity of the FET is confined to a disk with full width at half maximum 340 nm. These FETs are suitable for integration onto a GaAs/AlGaAs scanned probe microscopy cantilever.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)