Chemoimmunotherapy of small cell bronchogenic carcinoma with VP‐16‐213, ifosfamide, vincristine, adriamycin, and Corynebacterium Parvum

Manuel Valdivieso, Theodore F. Tenczynski, Victorio Rodriguez, Michael A. Burgess, Clifton F. Mountain, Howard T. Barkley, Evan M. Hersh, Gerald P. Bodey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thirty‐five consecutive patients with small cell bronchogenic carcinoma (SCBC) received chemoimmunotherapy with VP‐16‐213, Ifosfamide, vincristine, Adriamycin®, and Corynebacterium parvum. Of 33 evaluable patients, 26 (79%) responded with complete (55%) or partial (24%) remissions. Complete remissions were more common among patients with limited disease (11/14 patients, 79%) compared with those with extensive disease (7/19 patients, 37%) and among patients who were ambulatory prior to therapy (16/25 patients, 64%) compared with those who were nonambulatory (2/8 patients, 25%). Myelosuppression consisted primarily of neutropenia. Eight percent of the treatment courses in 29% of the patients were associated with hematuria and/or documented episodes of infection during neutropenia. There were three deaths possibly related to treatment, in two of which there was no evidence of disease at post‐mortem examination. Six patients relapsed in the central nervous system (CNS). In four instances, CNS relapse was the only site of tumor progression. Central nervous system relapse was more common among evaluable patients who did not receive prophylactic brain irradiation (5/17 patients, 29%, vs. 1/15 patients, 7%; P = 0.23). The median survival duration for all patients was 63 weeks, being slightly longer for patients with limited disease than for those with extensive disease (70.9 weeks vs. 56 weeks; P = 0.18). This was also true for patients who achieved complete rather than partial remissions (71 weeks vs. 50 weeks; P = 0.09). Patients receiving prophylactic brain irradiation experienced longer survival (100.8 weeks vs. 48 weeks; P = 0.01).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-244
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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