Chest compression depth and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Tyler Vadeboncoeur, Uwe Stolz, Ashish Panchal, Annemarie Silver, Mark Venuti, John Tobin, Gary Smith, Martha Nunez, Madalyn Karamooz, Daniel Spaite, Bentley Bobrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: Outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) may improve if rescuers perform chest compressions (CCs) deeper than the previous recommendation of 38-51. mm and consistent with the 2010 AHA Guideline recommendation of at least 51. mm. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between CC depth and OHCA survival. Methods: Prospective analysis of CC depth and outcomes in consecutive adult OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology from two EMS agencies participating in comprehensive CPR quality improvement initiatives. Analysis: Multivariable logistic regression to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for survival to hospital discharge and favorable functional outcome. Results: Among 593 OHCAs, 136 patients (22.9%) achieved return of spontaneous circulation, 63 patients (10.6%) survived and 50 had favorable functional outcome (8.4%). Mean CC depth was 49.8±11.0mm and mean CC rate was 113.9±18.1CCmin-1. Mean depth was significantly deeper in survivors (53.6mm, 95% CI: 50.5-56.7) than non-survivors (48.8mm, 95% CI: 47.6-50.0). Each 5mm increase in mean CC depth significantly increased the odds of survival and survival with favorable functional outcome: aORs were 1.29 (95% CI 1.00-1.65) and 1.30 (95% CI 1.00-1.70) respectively. Conclusion: Deeper chest compressions were associated with improved survival and functional outcome following OHCA. Our results suggest that adhering to the 2010 AHA Guideline-recommended depth of at least 51. mm could improve outcomes for victims of OHCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-188
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Compression depth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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