Chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by lay rescuers for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to non-cardiac aetiologies

Ashish R. Panchal, Bentley J. Bobrow, Daniel W. Spaite, Robert A. Berg, Uwe Stolz, Tyler F. Vadeboncoeur, Arthur B. Sanders, Karl B. Kern, Gordon A. Ewy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Bystander CPR improves survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). For adult sudden collapse, bystander chest compression-only CPR (COCPR) is recommended in some circumstances by the American Heart Association and European Resuscitation Council. However, adults who arrest from non-cardiac causes may also receive COCPR. Because rescue breathing may be more important for individuals suffering OHCA secondary to non-cardiac causes, COCPR is not recommended for these cases. We evaluated the relationship of lay rescuer COCPR and survival after OHCA from non-cardiac causes. Methods: Analysis of a statewide Utstein-style registry of adult OHCA, during a large scale campaign endorsing COCPR for OHCA from presumed cardiac cause. The relationship between lay rescuer CPR (both conventional CPR and COCPR) and survival to hospital discharge was evaluated. Results: Presumed non-cardiac aetiologies of OHCA accounted for 15% of all cases, and lay rescuer CPR was provided in 29% of these cases. Survival to hospital discharge occurred in 3.8% after conventional CPR, 2.7% after COCPR, and 4.0% after no CPR (p= 0.85). The proportion of patients receiving COCPR was much lower in the cohort of OHCA from respiratory causes (8.3%) than for those with presumed cardiac OHCA (18.0%; p< 0.001). Conclusions: In the setting of a campaign endorsing lay rescuer COCPR for cardiac OHCA, bystanders were less likely to perform COCPR on OHCA victims who might benefit from rescue breathing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-439
Number of pages5
JournalResuscitation
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

Keywords

  • Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Chest compression
  • Noncardiac causes of arrest
  • Respiratory arrest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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