Childhood abuse and sexual revictimization in a female navy recruit sample

Lex L. Merrill, Carol E. Newell, Cynthia J. Thomsen, Steven R. Gold, Joel S. Milner, Mary P Koss, Sandra G. Rosswork

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine effects of childhood abuse on adult rape, 1,887 female Navy recruits were surveyed. Overall 35% of recruits had been raped and 57% had experienced childhood physical abuse (CPA) and/or childhood sexual abuse (CSA). Controlling for CPA, rape was significantly (4.8 times) more likely among women who had experienced CSA than among women who had not. In contrast, CPA (controlling for CSA) was unrelated to likelihood of adult rape. Alcohol problems and number of sex partners were examined as mediators. Although both variables predicted rape, their effects were independent of the effects of CSA. Finally, despite ethnic group differences in the prevalence of victimization, the predictors of rape did not differ significantly across ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-225
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Rape
Sex Offenses
Ethnic Groups
Crime Victims
Alcohols
Physical Abuse

Keywords

  • Childhood abuse
  • Rape
  • Revictimization
  • Sexual assault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Merrill, L. L., Newell, C. E., Thomsen, C. J., Gold, S. R., Milner, J. S., Koss, M. P., & Rosswork, S. G. (1999). Childhood abuse and sexual revictimization in a female navy recruit sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12(2), 211-225. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024789723779

Childhood abuse and sexual revictimization in a female navy recruit sample. / Merrill, Lex L.; Newell, Carol E.; Thomsen, Cynthia J.; Gold, Steven R.; Milner, Joel S.; Koss, Mary P; Rosswork, Sandra G.

In: Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1999, p. 211-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merrill, LL, Newell, CE, Thomsen, CJ, Gold, SR, Milner, JS, Koss, MP & Rosswork, SG 1999, 'Childhood abuse and sexual revictimization in a female navy recruit sample', Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 211-225. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024789723779
Merrill, Lex L. ; Newell, Carol E. ; Thomsen, Cynthia J. ; Gold, Steven R. ; Milner, Joel S. ; Koss, Mary P ; Rosswork, Sandra G. / Childhood abuse and sexual revictimization in a female navy recruit sample. In: Journal of Traumatic Stress. 1999 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 211-225.
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