Chronic selective glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition enhances glucose disposal and muscle insulin action in prediabetic obese Zucker rats

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33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing evidence supports a negative role of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) in regulation of skeletal muscle glucose transport. We assessed the effects of chronic treatment of insulin-resistant, prediabetic obese Zucker (fa/fa) rats with a highly selective GSK-3 inhibitor (CT118637) on glucose tolerance, whole body insulin sensitivity, plasma lipids, skeletal muscle insulin signaling, and in vitro skeletal muscle glucose transport activity. Obese Zucker rats were treated with either vehicle or CT118637 (30 mg/kg body wt) twice per day for 10 days. Fasting plasma insulin and free fatty acid levels were reduced by 14 and 23% (P < 0.05), respectively, in GSK-3 inhibitor-treated animals compared with vehicle-treated controls. The glucose response during an oral glucose tolerance test was reduced by 18% (P < 0.05), and whole body insulin sensitivity was increased by 28% (P < 0.05). In vivo insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) tyrosine phosphorylation (50%) and IRS-1-associated phosphatidylinositol-3′ kinase (79%) relative to fasting plasma insulin levels were significantly elevated (P < 0.05) in plantaris muscles of GSK-3 inhibitor-treated animals. Whereas basal glucose transport in isolated soleus and epitrochlearis muscles was unaffected by chronic GSK-3 treatments, insulin stimulation of glucose transport above basal was significantly enhanced (32-60%, P < 0.05). In summary, chronic treatment of insulin-resistant, prediabetic obese Zucker rats with a specific GSK-3 inhibitor enhances oral glucose tolerance and whole body insulin sensitivity and is associated with an amelioration of dyslipidemia and an improvement in IRS-1-dependent insulin signaling in skeletal muscle. These results provide further evidence that selective targeting of GSK-3 in muscle may be an effective intervention for the treatment of obesity-associated insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E207-E213
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume291
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Glucose tolerance
  • Glucose transport
  • Insulin receptor substrate-1
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3′-kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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