Male DBA2 mice were given 10(6) P-388 leukaemic cells i.p. and cimetidine (CMT) at 100 mg/kg 1 day for 10 days, or as a single 100 mg/kg injection 30 min before cyclophosphamide (CTX). CMT significantly prolonged the survival of groups of mice receiving 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg of CTX 3 days after tumour inoculation. Median survival increased by 5.5 days (P < 0.05), 10 days (P < 0.05) and 13 days (P < 0.05) respectively. The addition of CMT had the effect of roughly doubling the CTX dose, without increasing the lethality. CMT produced the only long-term survival seen in the study (1-2/10) CMT alone had no apparent antitumour activity. CMT significantly prolonged mean pentobarbital sleep to 28.6-60 min vs only 10 min for phenobarbital treated mice. Both CMT regimens increased the plasma concentration time products for CTX-induced metabolites (NBP) by about 1.3 fold (in contrast to a 33% reduction with phenobarbital). On average the single-dose CMT regimen produced the greatest effect on survival, on pentobarbital sleep duration and on total NBP reactive species. Probable mechanisms for the CMT-CTX interaction include competitive microsomal enzyme inhibition and/or acutely depressed hepatic blood flow. Caution should be used in combining CMT with full doses of CTX and any other highly metabolized antineoplastic agents in man.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research