Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments

Bruno Verdier, Isabelle Jouanneau, Benoit Simonnet, Christian Rabin, Tom J M Van Dooren, Nicolas Delpierre, Jean Clobert, Luc Abbadie, Regis H J Ferriere, Jean François Le Galliard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grand challenges in global change research and environmental science raise the need for replicated experiments on ecosystems subjected to controlled changes in multiple environmental factors. We designed and developed the Ecolab as a variable climate and atmosphere simulator for multifactor experimentation on natural or artificial ecosystems. The Ecolab integrates atmosphere conditioning technology optimized for accuracy and reliability. The centerpiece is a highly contained, 13-m3 chamber to host communities of aquatic and terrestrial species and control climate (temperature, humidity, rainfall, irradiance) and atmosphere conditions (O2 and CO2 concentrations). Temperature in the atmosphere and in the water or soil column can be controlled independently of each other. All climatic and atmospheric variables can be programmed to follow dynamical trajectories and simulate gradual as well as step changes. We demonstrate the Ecolab's capacity to simulate a broad range of atmospheric and climatic conditions, their diurnal and seasonal variations, and to support the growth of a model terrestrial plant in two contrasting climate scenarios. The adaptability of the Ecolab design makes it possible to study interactions between variable climate-atmosphere factors and biotic disturbances. Developed as an open-access, multichamber platform, this equipment is available to the international scientific community for exploring interactions and feedbacks between ecological and climate systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8744-8753
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume48
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2014

Fingerprint

Ecosystems
simulator
Simulators
Climate control
Earth atmosphere
atmosphere
climate
Rain
Atmospheric humidity
experiment
Experiments
Trajectories
Feedback
Soils
Temperature
artificial ecosystem
Water
soil column
conditioning
global change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Verdier, B., Jouanneau, I., Simonnet, B., Rabin, C., Van Dooren, T. J. M., Delpierre, N., ... Le Galliard, J. F. (2014). Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(15), 8744-8753. https://doi.org/10.1021/es405467s

Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments. / Verdier, Bruno; Jouanneau, Isabelle; Simonnet, Benoit; Rabin, Christian; Van Dooren, Tom J M; Delpierre, Nicolas; Clobert, Jean; Abbadie, Luc; Ferriere, Regis H J; Le Galliard, Jean François.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 48, No. 15, 05.08.2014, p. 8744-8753.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Verdier, B, Jouanneau, I, Simonnet, B, Rabin, C, Van Dooren, TJM, Delpierre, N, Clobert, J, Abbadie, L, Ferriere, RHJ & Le Galliard, JF 2014, 'Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 48, no. 15, pp. 8744-8753. https://doi.org/10.1021/es405467s
Verdier B, Jouanneau I, Simonnet B, Rabin C, Van Dooren TJM, Delpierre N et al. Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments. Environmental Science and Technology. 2014 Aug 5;48(15):8744-8753. https://doi.org/10.1021/es405467s
Verdier, Bruno ; Jouanneau, Isabelle ; Simonnet, Benoit ; Rabin, Christian ; Van Dooren, Tom J M ; Delpierre, Nicolas ; Clobert, Jean ; Abbadie, Luc ; Ferriere, Regis H J ; Le Galliard, Jean François. / Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. 15. pp. 8744-8753.
@article{b429e3809a934b14a1b0a8bcf8d817dd,
title = "Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments",
abstract = "Grand challenges in global change research and environmental science raise the need for replicated experiments on ecosystems subjected to controlled changes in multiple environmental factors. We designed and developed the Ecolab as a variable climate and atmosphere simulator for multifactor experimentation on natural or artificial ecosystems. The Ecolab integrates atmosphere conditioning technology optimized for accuracy and reliability. The centerpiece is a highly contained, 13-m3 chamber to host communities of aquatic and terrestrial species and control climate (temperature, humidity, rainfall, irradiance) and atmosphere conditions (O2 and CO2 concentrations). Temperature in the atmosphere and in the water or soil column can be controlled independently of each other. All climatic and atmospheric variables can be programmed to follow dynamical trajectories and simulate gradual as well as step changes. We demonstrate the Ecolab's capacity to simulate a broad range of atmospheric and climatic conditions, their diurnal and seasonal variations, and to support the growth of a model terrestrial plant in two contrasting climate scenarios. The adaptability of the Ecolab design makes it possible to study interactions between variable climate-atmosphere factors and biotic disturbances. Developed as an open-access, multichamber platform, this equipment is available to the international scientific community for exploring interactions and feedbacks between ecological and climate systems.",
author = "Bruno Verdier and Isabelle Jouanneau and Benoit Simonnet and Christian Rabin and {Van Dooren}, {Tom J M} and Nicolas Delpierre and Jean Clobert and Luc Abbadie and Ferriere, {Regis H J} and {Le Galliard}, {Jean Fran{\cc}ois}",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1021/es405467s",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "8744--8753",
journal = "Environmental Science & Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate and atmosphere simulator for experiments on ecological systems in changing environments

AU - Verdier, Bruno

AU - Jouanneau, Isabelle

AU - Simonnet, Benoit

AU - Rabin, Christian

AU - Van Dooren, Tom J M

AU - Delpierre, Nicolas

AU - Clobert, Jean

AU - Abbadie, Luc

AU - Ferriere, Regis H J

AU - Le Galliard, Jean François

PY - 2014/8/5

Y1 - 2014/8/5

N2 - Grand challenges in global change research and environmental science raise the need for replicated experiments on ecosystems subjected to controlled changes in multiple environmental factors. We designed and developed the Ecolab as a variable climate and atmosphere simulator for multifactor experimentation on natural or artificial ecosystems. The Ecolab integrates atmosphere conditioning technology optimized for accuracy and reliability. The centerpiece is a highly contained, 13-m3 chamber to host communities of aquatic and terrestrial species and control climate (temperature, humidity, rainfall, irradiance) and atmosphere conditions (O2 and CO2 concentrations). Temperature in the atmosphere and in the water or soil column can be controlled independently of each other. All climatic and atmospheric variables can be programmed to follow dynamical trajectories and simulate gradual as well as step changes. We demonstrate the Ecolab's capacity to simulate a broad range of atmospheric and climatic conditions, their diurnal and seasonal variations, and to support the growth of a model terrestrial plant in two contrasting climate scenarios. The adaptability of the Ecolab design makes it possible to study interactions between variable climate-atmosphere factors and biotic disturbances. Developed as an open-access, multichamber platform, this equipment is available to the international scientific community for exploring interactions and feedbacks between ecological and climate systems.

AB - Grand challenges in global change research and environmental science raise the need for replicated experiments on ecosystems subjected to controlled changes in multiple environmental factors. We designed and developed the Ecolab as a variable climate and atmosphere simulator for multifactor experimentation on natural or artificial ecosystems. The Ecolab integrates atmosphere conditioning technology optimized for accuracy and reliability. The centerpiece is a highly contained, 13-m3 chamber to host communities of aquatic and terrestrial species and control climate (temperature, humidity, rainfall, irradiance) and atmosphere conditions (O2 and CO2 concentrations). Temperature in the atmosphere and in the water or soil column can be controlled independently of each other. All climatic and atmospheric variables can be programmed to follow dynamical trajectories and simulate gradual as well as step changes. We demonstrate the Ecolab's capacity to simulate a broad range of atmospheric and climatic conditions, their diurnal and seasonal variations, and to support the growth of a model terrestrial plant in two contrasting climate scenarios. The adaptability of the Ecolab design makes it possible to study interactions between variable climate-atmosphere factors and biotic disturbances. Developed as an open-access, multichamber platform, this equipment is available to the international scientific community for exploring interactions and feedbacks between ecological and climate systems.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84905671255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84905671255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/es405467s

DO - 10.1021/es405467s

M3 - Article

C2 - 24955649

AN - SCOPUS:84905671255

VL - 48

SP - 8744

EP - 8753

JO - Environmental Science & Technology

JF - Environmental Science & Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 15

ER -