Clinical applications of the concealed information test

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Abstract

Overview: The Concealed Information Test (CIT) can prove useful in assessing clinical populations where individuals are unable or unwilling to report on their mnemonic experience. Unlike the traditional use of the CIT, where one assumes that individuals are willfully deceiving or concealing information, in clinical settings the CIT is employed to probe whether traces of memory may be present without necessarily assuming deception on the part of the examinee. A small clinical literature has utilized both autonomic and central psychophysiological measures in the CIT paradigm to assess such conditions as prosopagnosia and Dissociative Identity Disorder, and also to assess the possibility of malingering in memory assessment contexts. To date, the key unresolved issue for clinical assessment is whether evidence of recognition with the CIT reflects explicit vs. implicit memory. Clinical applications of the Concealed Information Test The Concealed Information Test (CIT) has not been widely used in clinical populations or clinical applications, but illustrative studies suggest that it may provide a useful method for assessing clinical conditions where individuals are unable or unwilling to report on their mnemonic experience. Applications may include a fairly typical implementation of the CIT when assessing memory in cases of claimed amnesia where there is reason to suspect malingering, but they may also involve assessing populations where there is no reason to suspect individuals are willfully misrepresenting their experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMemory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages231-252
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780511975196, 9780521769525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

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Allen, J. JB. (2011). Clinical applications of the concealed information test. In Memory Detection: Theory and Application of the Concealed Information Test (pp. 231-252). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511975196.014