Cloning of the rat m3, m4 and m5 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor genes by the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and the pharmacological characterization of the expressed genes

Kenichi Kashihara, Eva V. Varga, Sue L. Waite, William R. Roeske, Henry I. Yamamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coding sequence of the rat m3, m4 and m5 subtypes of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) genes was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), cloned, and expressed in the murine fibroblast (B82) cell line. Sequencing of the cloned genes revealed some nucleotide differences when compared with the DNA sequence published in the literature. When the different sequence appeared in only one clone obtained by PCR, it was considered an error of the polymerase. The overall error frequency in the 25 cycles of PCR with either Taq polymerase or Replinase was 1 nucleotide in 1,692 base pairs. In order to evaluate the different nucleotide sequence from a PCR product as an error or as an allelic variant, at least three different clones were sequenced. The cloned genes were each stably expressed in a B82 cell line and pharmacologically evaluated. The affinity of the different antagonists to the muscarinic receptor subtypes was determined by [3H](-)MQNB/ligand inhibition experiments. In the m3, m4 and m5 transfected cells, carbachol appeared to stimulate [3H]inositol monophosphate (IP1) accumulation. Carbachol, at 3 μM, appeared to suppress the forskolin-stimulated cAMP formation in the m4 transfected cells. These findings suggest these mAChRs amplified by PCR, cloned, and expressed in the B82 cell lines exhibit the pharmacological characteristics of the muscarinic receptor subtypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)955-971
Number of pages17
JournalLife Sciences
Volume51
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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