Cognitive screening of nursing home residents

Factor structure of the modified mini-mental state (3MS) examination

Ivo L Abraham, C. A. Manning, M. R. Boyd, J. B. Neese, M. C. Newman, L. A. Plowfield, Sally J Reel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined factor structures of the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination in a sample of nursing home residents (N = 892; observation-to-variable ratio 59.5:1). Using principal components analysis and orthogonal equamax rotation, a five-factor structure was derived. This solution, which explained 58.9% of the variance, consisted of the following factors: psychomotor skills, memory, identification and association, orientation, and concentration and calculation. This factor solution shows that, notwithstanding previous claims to the contrary, cognitive screening tests may be able to make stable and independent distinctions between psychomotor and perceptual-organizational processes. The factors derived map well onto commonly recognized dimensions of neurocognitive ability. The proposed five-factor solution offers a stable, intuitively sound, and statistically supported framework for differentiation of cognitive screening data into independent dimensions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Nursing Homes
Aptitude
Principal Component Analysis
Observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Cognitive screening of nursing home residents : Factor structure of the modified mini-mental state (3MS) examination. / Abraham, Ivo L; Manning, C. A.; Boyd, M. R.; Neese, J. B.; Newman, M. C.; Plowfield, L. A.; Reel, Sally J.

In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1993, p. 133-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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