Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor

N. C. Nielsen, S. Linden, J. Kuhl, J. Förstner, A. Knorr, Stephan W Koch, H. Giessen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the coherent nonlinear pulse propagation. It identifies coherent exciton light coupling over a broad intensity range and permits comparison with numerical calculations based on the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations. At low light intensities, polariton propagation beats owing to the interference between excited states on both polariton branches. In an intermediate intensity regime, the temporal polariton beating is suppressed in consequence of exciton-exciton interaction. At the highest light intensities, self-induced transmission and multiple pulse breakup are identified as a signature for carrier density Rabi flopping. Exciton-phonon scattering is shown to gradually eliminate coherent nonlinear propagation effects due to enhanced dephasing of the excitonic polarization. The experiments can be described theoretically using the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations, which accomplish the transition from linear to nonlinear optics by taking into account many-body interactions consisting of mean-field and correlation effects. The chapter, in addition, discusses the intensity to pulse area relation, pulse delays, and effective propagation velocities in dependence on the pulse intensity yield quantitative agreement between the experiment and the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationQuantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1-22
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780126822250
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

excitons
propagation
polaritons
pulses
luminous intensity
propagation velocity
nonlinear optics
synchronism
signatures
interactions
interference
polarization
scattering
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nielsen, N. C., Linden, S., Kuhl, J., Förstner, J., Knorr, A., Koch, S. W., & Giessen, H. (2003). Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor. In Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures (pp. 1-22). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X

Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor. / Nielsen, N. C.; Linden, S.; Kuhl, J.; Förstner, J.; Knorr, A.; Koch, Stephan W; Giessen, H.

Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Elsevier Inc., 2003. p. 1-22.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Nielsen, NC, Linden, S, Kuhl, J, Förstner, J, Knorr, A, Koch, SW & Giessen, H 2003, Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor. in Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Elsevier Inc., pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X
Nielsen NC, Linden S, Kuhl J, Förstner J, Knorr A, Koch SW et al. Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor. In Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Elsevier Inc. 2003. p. 1-22 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X
Nielsen, N. C. ; Linden, S. ; Kuhl, J. ; Förstner, J. ; Knorr, A. ; Koch, Stephan W ; Giessen, H. / Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor. Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures. Elsevier Inc., 2003. pp. 1-22
@inbook{f8014a35106c4f20959f5844e08a8fad,
title = "Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor",
abstract = "This chapter discusses the coherent nonlinear pulse propagation. It identifies coherent exciton light coupling over a broad intensity range and permits comparison with numerical calculations based on the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations. At low light intensities, polariton propagation beats owing to the interference between excited states on both polariton branches. In an intermediate intensity regime, the temporal polariton beating is suppressed in consequence of exciton-exciton interaction. At the highest light intensities, self-induced transmission and multiple pulse breakup are identified as a signature for carrier density Rabi flopping. Exciton-phonon scattering is shown to gradually eliminate coherent nonlinear propagation effects due to enhanced dephasing of the excitonic polarization. The experiments can be described theoretically using the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations, which accomplish the transition from linear to nonlinear optics by taking into account many-body interactions consisting of mean-field and correlation effects. The chapter, in addition, discusses the intensity to pulse area relation, pulse delays, and effective propagation velocities in dependence on the pulse intensity yield quantitative agreement between the experiment and the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch theory.",
author = "Nielsen, {N. C.} and S. Linden and J. Kuhl and J. F{\"o}rstner and A. Knorr and Koch, {Stephan W} and H. Giessen",
year = "2003",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780126822250",
pages = "1--22",
booktitle = "Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Coherent nonlinear pulse propagation on a free-exciton resonance in a semiconductor

AU - Nielsen, N. C.

AU - Linden, S.

AU - Kuhl, J.

AU - Förstner, J.

AU - Knorr, A.

AU - Koch, Stephan W

AU - Giessen, H.

PY - 2003/2

Y1 - 2003/2

N2 - This chapter discusses the coherent nonlinear pulse propagation. It identifies coherent exciton light coupling over a broad intensity range and permits comparison with numerical calculations based on the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations. At low light intensities, polariton propagation beats owing to the interference between excited states on both polariton branches. In an intermediate intensity regime, the temporal polariton beating is suppressed in consequence of exciton-exciton interaction. At the highest light intensities, self-induced transmission and multiple pulse breakup are identified as a signature for carrier density Rabi flopping. Exciton-phonon scattering is shown to gradually eliminate coherent nonlinear propagation effects due to enhanced dephasing of the excitonic polarization. The experiments can be described theoretically using the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations, which accomplish the transition from linear to nonlinear optics by taking into account many-body interactions consisting of mean-field and correlation effects. The chapter, in addition, discusses the intensity to pulse area relation, pulse delays, and effective propagation velocities in dependence on the pulse intensity yield quantitative agreement between the experiment and the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch theory.

AB - This chapter discusses the coherent nonlinear pulse propagation. It identifies coherent exciton light coupling over a broad intensity range and permits comparison with numerical calculations based on the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations. At low light intensities, polariton propagation beats owing to the interference between excited states on both polariton branches. In an intermediate intensity regime, the temporal polariton beating is suppressed in consequence of exciton-exciton interaction. At the highest light intensities, self-induced transmission and multiple pulse breakup are identified as a signature for carrier density Rabi flopping. Exciton-phonon scattering is shown to gradually eliminate coherent nonlinear propagation effects due to enhanced dephasing of the excitonic polarization. The experiments can be described theoretically using the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch equations, which accomplish the transition from linear to nonlinear optics by taking into account many-body interactions consisting of mean-field and correlation effects. The chapter, in addition, discusses the intensity to pulse area relation, pulse delays, and effective propagation velocities in dependence on the pulse intensity yield quantitative agreement between the experiment and the semiconductor Maxwell-Bloch theory.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902570589&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902570589&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X

DO - 10.1016/B978-012682225-0/50002-X

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780126822250

SP - 1

EP - 22

BT - Quantum Coherence Correlation and Decoherence in Semiconductor Nanostructures

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -