Cohesion and conductance of disordered metallic point contacts

J. Bürki, Charles A Stafford, X. Zotos, D. Baeriswyl

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Abstract

The cohesion and conductance of a point contact in a two-dimensional metallic nanowire are investigated in an independent-electron model with hard-wall boundary conditions. All properties of the nanowire are related to the Green function of the electronic scattering problem, which is solved exactly via a modified recursive Green function algorithm. Our results confirm the validity of a previous approach based on the WKB approximation for a long constriction, but find an enhancement of cohesion for shorter constrictions. Surprisingly, the cohesion persists even after the last conductance channel has been closed. For disordered nanowires, a statistical analysis yields well-defined peaks in the conductance histograms even when individual conductance traces do not show well-defined plateaus. The shifts of the peaks below integer multiples of 2e2/h, as well as the peak heights and widths, are found to be in excellent agreement with predictions based on random matrix theory, and are similar to those observed experimentally. Thus abrupt changes in the wire geometry are not necessary for reproducing the observed conductance histograms. The effect of disorder on cohesion is found to be quite strong and very sensitive to the particular configuration of impurities at the center of the constriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5000-5008
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume60
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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