Collapses and revivals in the interference between two Bose-Einstein condensates formed in small atomic samples

E. M. Wright, T. Wong, M. J. Collett, S. M. Tan, D. F. Walls

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Abstract

We investigate the quantum interference between two Bose-Einstein condensates formed in small atomic samples composed of a few thousand atoms both by imposing Bose broken gauge symmetry from the outset and also using an explicit model of atomic detection. In the former case we show that the macroscopic wave function collapses and revives in time, and we calculate the characteristic times for current experiments. Collapses and revivals are also predicted in the interference between two Bose-Einstein condensates which are initially in Fock states, a relative phase between the condensates being established via atomic detections corresponding to uncertainty in the number difference between them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-602
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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