Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility

G. Orton, M. A'Hearn, K. Baines, D. Deming, T. Dowling, J. Goguen, Caitlin Griffith, H. Hammel, W. Hoffmann, D. Hunten, D. Jewitt, T. Kostiuk, S. Miller, K. Noll, K. Zahnle, N. Achilleos, A. Dayal, L. Deutsch, F. Espenak, P. EsterleJ. Friedson, K. Fast, J. Harrington, J. Hora, R. Joseph, D. Kelly, R. Knacke, J. Lacy, C. Lisse, J. Rayner, A. Sprague, M. Shure, K. Wells, P. Yanamandra-Fisher, D. Zipoy, G. Bjoraker, D. Buhl, W. Golisch, D. Griep, C. Kaminski, C. Arden, A. Chaikin, J. Goldstein, D. Gilmore, G. Fazio, T. Kanamori, H. Lam, T. Livengood, M. M. MacLow, M. Marley, T. Momary, D. Robertson, P. Romani, J. Spitale, M. Sykes, J. Tennyson, D. Wellnitz, S. W. Ying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. Strong thermal infrared emission lasting several minutes was observed after the impacts of fragments C, G, and R. All impacts warmed the stratosphere and some the troposphere up to several degrees. The abundance of stratospheric ammonia increased by more than 50 times. Impact-related particles extended up to a level where the atmospheric pressure measured several millibars. The north polar near-infrared aurora brightened by nearly a factor of 5 a week after the impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1277-1282
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume267
Issue number5202
StatePublished - Mar 3 1995
Externally publishedYes

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United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Telescopes
Atmospheric Pressure
Ammonia
Hot Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Orton, G., A'Hearn, M., Baines, K., Deming, D., Dowling, T., Goguen, J., ... Ying, S. W. (1995). Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility. Science, 267(5202), 1277-1282.

Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility. / Orton, G.; A'Hearn, M.; Baines, K.; Deming, D.; Dowling, T.; Goguen, J.; Griffith, Caitlin; Hammel, H.; Hoffmann, W.; Hunten, D.; Jewitt, D.; Kostiuk, T.; Miller, S.; Noll, K.; Zahnle, K.; Achilleos, N.; Dayal, A.; Deutsch, L.; Espenak, F.; Esterle, P.; Friedson, J.; Fast, K.; Harrington, J.; Hora, J.; Joseph, R.; Kelly, D.; Knacke, R.; Lacy, J.; Lisse, C.; Rayner, J.; Sprague, A.; Shure, M.; Wells, K.; Yanamandra-Fisher, P.; Zipoy, D.; Bjoraker, G.; Buhl, D.; Golisch, W.; Griep, D.; Kaminski, C.; Arden, C.; Chaikin, A.; Goldstein, J.; Gilmore, D.; Fazio, G.; Kanamori, T.; Lam, H.; Livengood, T.; MacLow, M. M.; Marley, M.; Momary, T.; Robertson, D.; Romani, P.; Spitale, J.; Sykes, M.; Tennyson, J.; Wellnitz, D.; Ying, S. W.

In: Science, Vol. 267, No. 5202, 03.03.1995, p. 1277-1282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Orton, G, A'Hearn, M, Baines, K, Deming, D, Dowling, T, Goguen, J, Griffith, C, Hammel, H, Hoffmann, W, Hunten, D, Jewitt, D, Kostiuk, T, Miller, S, Noll, K, Zahnle, K, Achilleos, N, Dayal, A, Deutsch, L, Espenak, F, Esterle, P, Friedson, J, Fast, K, Harrington, J, Hora, J, Joseph, R, Kelly, D, Knacke, R, Lacy, J, Lisse, C, Rayner, J, Sprague, A, Shure, M, Wells, K, Yanamandra-Fisher, P, Zipoy, D, Bjoraker, G, Buhl, D, Golisch, W, Griep, D, Kaminski, C, Arden, C, Chaikin, A, Goldstein, J, Gilmore, D, Fazio, G, Kanamori, T, Lam, H, Livengood, T, MacLow, MM, Marley, M, Momary, T, Robertson, D, Romani, P, Spitale, J, Sykes, M, Tennyson, J, Wellnitz, D & Ying, SW 1995, 'Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility', Science, vol. 267, no. 5202, pp. 1277-1282.
Orton G, A'Hearn M, Baines K, Deming D, Dowling T, Goguen J et al. Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility. Science. 1995 Mar 3;267(5202):1277-1282.
Orton, G. ; A'Hearn, M. ; Baines, K. ; Deming, D. ; Dowling, T. ; Goguen, J. ; Griffith, Caitlin ; Hammel, H. ; Hoffmann, W. ; Hunten, D. ; Jewitt, D. ; Kostiuk, T. ; Miller, S. ; Noll, K. ; Zahnle, K. ; Achilleos, N. ; Dayal, A. ; Deutsch, L. ; Espenak, F. ; Esterle, P. ; Friedson, J. ; Fast, K. ; Harrington, J. ; Hora, J. ; Joseph, R. ; Kelly, D. ; Knacke, R. ; Lacy, J. ; Lisse, C. ; Rayner, J. ; Sprague, A. ; Shure, M. ; Wells, K. ; Yanamandra-Fisher, P. ; Zipoy, D. ; Bjoraker, G. ; Buhl, D. ; Golisch, W. ; Griep, D. ; Kaminski, C. ; Arden, C. ; Chaikin, A. ; Goldstein, J. ; Gilmore, D. ; Fazio, G. ; Kanamori, T. ; Lam, H. ; Livengood, T. ; MacLow, M. M. ; Marley, M. ; Momary, T. ; Robertson, D. ; Romani, P. ; Spitale, J. ; Sykes, M. ; Tennyson, J. ; Wellnitz, D. ; Ying, S. W. / Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility. In: Science. 1995 ; Vol. 267, No. 5202. pp. 1277-1282.
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abstract = "The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. Strong thermal infrared emission lasting several minutes was observed after the impacts of fragments C, G, and R. All impacts warmed the stratosphere and some the troposphere up to several degrees. The abundance of stratospheric ammonia increased by more than 50 times. Impact-related particles extended up to a level where the atmospheric pressure measured several millibars. The north polar near-infrared aurora brightened by nearly a factor of 5 a week after the impacts.",
author = "G. Orton and M. A'Hearn and K. Baines and D. Deming and T. Dowling and J. Goguen and Caitlin Griffith and H. Hammel and W. Hoffmann and D. Hunten and D. Jewitt and T. Kostiuk and S. Miller and K. Noll and K. Zahnle and N. Achilleos and A. Dayal and L. Deutsch and F. Espenak and P. Esterle and J. Friedson and K. Fast and J. Harrington and J. Hora and R. Joseph and D. Kelly and R. Knacke and J. Lacy and C. Lisse and J. Rayner and A. Sprague and M. Shure and K. Wells and P. Yanamandra-Fisher and D. Zipoy and G. Bjoraker and D. Buhl and W. Golisch and D. Griep and C. Kaminski and C. Arden and A. Chaikin and J. Goldstein and D. Gilmore and G. Fazio and T. Kanamori and H. Lam and T. Livengood and MacLow, {M. M.} and M. Marley and T. Momary and D. Robertson and P. Romani and J. Spitale and M. Sykes and J. Tennyson and D. Wellnitz and Ying, {S. W.}",
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T1 - Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility

AU - Orton, G.

AU - A'Hearn, M.

AU - Baines, K.

AU - Deming, D.

AU - Dowling, T.

AU - Goguen, J.

AU - Griffith, Caitlin

AU - Hammel, H.

AU - Hoffmann, W.

AU - Hunten, D.

AU - Jewitt, D.

AU - Kostiuk, T.

AU - Miller, S.

AU - Noll, K.

AU - Zahnle, K.

AU - Achilleos, N.

AU - Dayal, A.

AU - Deutsch, L.

AU - Espenak, F.

AU - Esterle, P.

AU - Friedson, J.

AU - Fast, K.

AU - Harrington, J.

AU - Hora, J.

AU - Joseph, R.

AU - Kelly, D.

AU - Knacke, R.

AU - Lacy, J.

AU - Lisse, C.

AU - Rayner, J.

AU - Sprague, A.

AU - Shure, M.

AU - Wells, K.

AU - Yanamandra-Fisher, P.

AU - Zipoy, D.

AU - Bjoraker, G.

AU - Buhl, D.

AU - Golisch, W.

AU - Griep, D.

AU - Kaminski, C.

AU - Arden, C.

AU - Chaikin, A.

AU - Goldstein, J.

AU - Gilmore, D.

AU - Fazio, G.

AU - Kanamori, T.

AU - Lam, H.

AU - Livengood, T.

AU - MacLow, M. M.

AU - Marley, M.

AU - Momary, T.

AU - Robertson, D.

AU - Romani, P.

AU - Spitale, J.

AU - Sykes, M.

AU - Tennyson, J.

AU - Wellnitz, D.

AU - Ying, S. W.

PY - 1995/3/3

Y1 - 1995/3/3

N2 - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. Strong thermal infrared emission lasting several minutes was observed after the impacts of fragments C, G, and R. All impacts warmed the stratosphere and some the troposphere up to several degrees. The abundance of stratospheric ammonia increased by more than 50 times. Impact-related particles extended up to a level where the atmospheric pressure measured several millibars. The north polar near-infrared aurora brightened by nearly a factor of 5 a week after the impacts.

AB - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. Strong thermal infrared emission lasting several minutes was observed after the impacts of fragments C, G, and R. All impacts warmed the stratosphere and some the troposphere up to several degrees. The abundance of stratospheric ammonia increased by more than 50 times. Impact-related particles extended up to a level where the atmospheric pressure measured several millibars. The north polar near-infrared aurora brightened by nearly a factor of 5 a week after the impacts.

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