Collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter observed by the NASA infrared telescope facility

G. Orton, M. A'Hearn, K. Baines, D. Deming, T. Dowling, J. Goguen, C. Griffith, H. Hammel, W. Hoffmann, D. Hunten, D. Jewitt, T. Kostiuk, S. Miller, K. Noll, K. Zahnle, N. Achilleos, A. Dayal, L. Deutsch, F. Espenak, P. EsterleJ. Friedson, K. Fast, J. Harrington, J. Hora, R. Joseph, D. Kelly, R. Knacke, J. Lacy, C. Lisse, J. Rayner, A. Sprague, M. Shure, K. Wells, P. Yanamandra-Fisher, D. Zipoy, G. Bjoraker, D. Buhl, W. Golisch, D. Griep, C. Kaminski, C. Arden, A. Chaikin, J. Goldstein, D. Gilmore, G. Fazio, T. Kanamori, H. Lam, T. Livengood, M. M. MacLow, M. Marley, T. Momary, D. Robertson, P. Romani, J. Spitale, M. Sykes, J. Tennyson, D. Wellnitz, S. W. Ying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Infrared Telescope Facility was used to investigate the collision of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter from 12 July to 7 August 1994. Strong thermal infrared emission lasting several minutes was observed after the impacts of fragments C, G, and R. All impacts warmed the stratosphere and some the troposphere up to several degrees. The abundance of stratospheric ammonia increased by more than 50 times. Impact-related particles extended up to a level where the atmospheric pressure measured several millibars. The north polar near-infrared aurora brightened by nearly a factor of 5 a week after the impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1277-1282
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume267
Issue number5202
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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