Colloidal epitaxy: Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization

Alfons Van Blaaderen, Jacob P. Hoogenboom, Dirk L J Vossen, Anand Yethiraj, Astrid Van Der Horst, Koen Visscher, Marileen Dogterom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied, with quantitative confocal microscopy, epitaxial colloidal crystal growth of particles interacting with an almost hard-sphere (HS) potential in a gravitational field and density matched colloids interacting with a long-range (LR) repulsive potential with a body-centred cubic (BCC) equilibrium crystal phase. We show that in both cases it is possible to grow thick, stacking fault-free metastable crystals: close-packed crystals with any stacking sequence, including hexagonal close packed (HCP), for the HS particles and face-centred cubic (FCC) in the case of the LR colloids. In accordance with recent computer simulations done for HS particles it was found that the optimal lattice constant to grow HS HCP crystals was larger than that of equilibrium FCC crystals. In addition, because of the absence of gravity, pre-freezing could be observed for the particles with the LR potential on a template of charged lines. We also argue that the ability to manipulate colloids with highly focused light, optical traps or tweezers, will become an important tool in both the study of colloidal crystallization and in making new structures. We show how cheap 2D and 3D templates can be made with optical tweezers and demonstrate, in proof of principle experiments with core-shell colloids, how light fields can generate crystal nuclei and other structures in the bulk of concentrated dispersions and how the effect of these structures on the rest of a dispersion can be studied quantitatively in 3D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-119
Number of pages13
JournalFaraday Discussions
Volume123
StatePublished - 2003

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Crystallization
Epitaxial growth
epitaxy
Colloids
Boundary conditions
crystallization
boundary conditions
Crystals
colloids
crystals
templates
Optical tweezers
Confocal microscopy
Stacking faults
Dispersions
Freezing
crystal defects
gravitational fields
freezing
Lattice constants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Van Blaaderen, A., Hoogenboom, J. P., Vossen, D. L. J., Yethiraj, A., Van Der Horst, A., Visscher, K., & Dogterom, M. (2003). Colloidal epitaxy: Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization. Faraday Discussions, 123, 107-119.

Colloidal epitaxy : Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization. / Van Blaaderen, Alfons; Hoogenboom, Jacob P.; Vossen, Dirk L J; Yethiraj, Anand; Van Der Horst, Astrid; Visscher, Koen; Dogterom, Marileen.

In: Faraday Discussions, Vol. 123, 2003, p. 107-119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Blaaderen, A, Hoogenboom, JP, Vossen, DLJ, Yethiraj, A, Van Der Horst, A, Visscher, K & Dogterom, M 2003, 'Colloidal epitaxy: Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization', Faraday Discussions, vol. 123, pp. 107-119.
Van Blaaderen A, Hoogenboom JP, Vossen DLJ, Yethiraj A, Van Der Horst A, Visscher K et al. Colloidal epitaxy: Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization. Faraday Discussions. 2003;123:107-119.
Van Blaaderen, Alfons ; Hoogenboom, Jacob P. ; Vossen, Dirk L J ; Yethiraj, Anand ; Van Der Horst, Astrid ; Visscher, Koen ; Dogterom, Marileen. / Colloidal epitaxy : Playing with the boundary conditions of colloidal crystallization. In: Faraday Discussions. 2003 ; Vol. 123. pp. 107-119.
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