Combined intraperitoneal and intravenous chemotherapy for women with optimally debulked ovarian cancer: Results from an intergroup phase II trial

Mace L. Rothenberg, P. Y. Liu, Patricia S. Braly, Sharon P. Wilczynski, Edward V. Hannigan, Scott Wadler, Gavin Stuart, Caroline Jiang, Maurie Markman, David S. Alberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The median survival time for women with optimally debulked adenocarcinoma of the ovary treated with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy is 41 to 52 months, and the 2-year survival rate is 65% to 70%. Recent studies evaluating intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy have reported a median survival time of 49 to 63 months and 2-year survival rates of 70% to 80%. This phase II trial was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of and 2-year survival rate achieved by the combination of IP paclitaxel, IP cisplatin, and IV paclitaxel in women with optimally debulked, stage III ovarian cancer. Patients and Methods: Treatment consisted of paclitaxel 135 mg/m2 IV over 24 hours on days 1 to 2, cisplatin 100 mg/m2 IP on day 2, and paclitaxel 60 mg/m2 IP on day 8 administered every 21 days for six cycles. Results: In 68 assessable women with optimal stage III ovarian cancer, the 2-year survival rate was 91%, and the median survival time was 51 months. The 2-year disease-free survival rate was 66%, and median disease-free survival time was 33 months. Ninety-six percent of all patients experienced at least one grade 3 to 4 adverse event during therapy, with the most common events being neutropenia (79%), nausea (50%), vomiting (34%), and fatigue/malaise/lethargy (24%). Seventy-one percent of patients completed all six cycles of IV/IP therapy as planned. Conclusion: Combined IV and IP chemotherapy with cisplatin and paclitaxel is associated with a very promising 2-year survival rate in women with optimally debulked ovarian cancer. The ultimate impact of this approach on overall survival requires further evaluation in a randomized trial setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1313-1319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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