Commercially available pedometers: Considerations for accurate step counting

Edward L. Melanson, Joan R. Knoll, Melanie L Bell, William T. Donahoo, J. O. Hill, Lana J. Nysse, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, John C. Peters, James A. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

179 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Many commercially available pedometers undercount, especially at slower speeds. We examined the effects of age, obesity, and self-selected walking speed on pedometer accuracy. We also compared the accuracy of piezoelectric and spring-levered pedometers at slow walking speeds. Methods. Study 1: 259 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at two self-selected walking speeds. Steps were counted using a spring-levered pedometer. Study 2: 32 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at slow walking (1.0-2.6 MPH) speeds. Steps were counted using spring-levered and piezoelectric pedometers. Results. Study 1: self-selected walking speed and pedometer accuracy decreased with increasing age, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Accuracy was 71% below 2.0 MPH, 74-91% between 2.0 and 3.0 MPH, and 96% above 3.0 MPH. Decreased accuracy was best predicted by increasing age. Study 2: between 1.8 and 2.0 MPH, the accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (>97%) exceeded that of the spring-levered pedometers (52-95%). Even at 1.0 MPH, accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (56.4 ± 33.8%) was superior to the spring-levered pedometers (7-20%). Conclusion. Accuracy of all pedometers tested exceeded 96% at speeds 3.0 MPH, but decreased at slower walking speeds. In individuals that naturally ambulate at slower walking speeds (e.g., elderly), we recommend the use of more sensitive (e.g., piezoelectric) pedometers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-368
Number of pages8
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

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5,10-dihydro-5-methylphenazine
Walking
Walking Speed
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Motion sensors
  • Movement
  • Physical activity
  • Treadmill
  • Walking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Melanson, E. L., Knoll, J. R., Bell, M. L., Donahoo, W. T., Hill, J. O., Nysse, L. J., ... Levine, J. A. (2004). Commercially available pedometers: Considerations for accurate step counting. Preventive Medicine, 39(2), 361-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.032

Commercially available pedometers : Considerations for accurate step counting. / Melanson, Edward L.; Knoll, Joan R.; Bell, Melanie L; Donahoo, William T.; Hill, J. O.; Nysse, Lana J.; Lanningham-Foster, Lorraine; Peters, John C.; Levine, James A.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 2, 08.2004, p. 361-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Melanson, EL, Knoll, JR, Bell, ML, Donahoo, WT, Hill, JO, Nysse, LJ, Lanningham-Foster, L, Peters, JC & Levine, JA 2004, 'Commercially available pedometers: Considerations for accurate step counting', Preventive Medicine, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 361-368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.032
Melanson, Edward L. ; Knoll, Joan R. ; Bell, Melanie L ; Donahoo, William T. ; Hill, J. O. ; Nysse, Lana J. ; Lanningham-Foster, Lorraine ; Peters, John C. ; Levine, James A. / Commercially available pedometers : Considerations for accurate step counting. In: Preventive Medicine. 2004 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 361-368.
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abstract = "Background. Many commercially available pedometers undercount, especially at slower speeds. We examined the effects of age, obesity, and self-selected walking speed on pedometer accuracy. We also compared the accuracy of piezoelectric and spring-levered pedometers at slow walking speeds. Methods. Study 1: 259 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at two self-selected walking speeds. Steps were counted using a spring-levered pedometer. Study 2: 32 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at slow walking (1.0-2.6 MPH) speeds. Steps were counted using spring-levered and piezoelectric pedometers. Results. Study 1: self-selected walking speed and pedometer accuracy decreased with increasing age, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Accuracy was 71{\%} below 2.0 MPH, 74-91{\%} between 2.0 and 3.0 MPH, and 96{\%} above 3.0 MPH. Decreased accuracy was best predicted by increasing age. Study 2: between 1.8 and 2.0 MPH, the accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (>97{\%}) exceeded that of the spring-levered pedometers (52-95{\%}). Even at 1.0 MPH, accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (56.4 ± 33.8{\%}) was superior to the spring-levered pedometers (7-20{\%}). Conclusion. Accuracy of all pedometers tested exceeded 96{\%} at speeds 3.0 MPH, but decreased at slower walking speeds. In individuals that naturally ambulate at slower walking speeds (e.g., elderly), we recommend the use of more sensitive (e.g., piezoelectric) pedometers.",
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N2 - Background. Many commercially available pedometers undercount, especially at slower speeds. We examined the effects of age, obesity, and self-selected walking speed on pedometer accuracy. We also compared the accuracy of piezoelectric and spring-levered pedometers at slow walking speeds. Methods. Study 1: 259 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at two self-selected walking speeds. Steps were counted using a spring-levered pedometer. Study 2: 32 subjects walked on a motorized treadmill at slow walking (1.0-2.6 MPH) speeds. Steps were counted using spring-levered and piezoelectric pedometers. Results. Study 1: self-selected walking speed and pedometer accuracy decreased with increasing age, weight, and body mass index (BMI). Accuracy was 71% below 2.0 MPH, 74-91% between 2.0 and 3.0 MPH, and 96% above 3.0 MPH. Decreased accuracy was best predicted by increasing age. Study 2: between 1.8 and 2.0 MPH, the accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (>97%) exceeded that of the spring-levered pedometers (52-95%). Even at 1.0 MPH, accuracy of the piezoelectric pedometer (56.4 ± 33.8%) was superior to the spring-levered pedometers (7-20%). Conclusion. Accuracy of all pedometers tested exceeded 96% at speeds 3.0 MPH, but decreased at slower walking speeds. In individuals that naturally ambulate at slower walking speeds (e.g., elderly), we recommend the use of more sensitive (e.g., piezoelectric) pedometers.

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