Comparative auditory biomechanics probed by otoacoustic emissions

Christopher Bergevin, Wei Dong, Laurel Carney, David S. Velenovsky, Kevin E. Bonine, James L. Jarchow

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Since Kemp's discovery in 1978, otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) have provided valuable scientific and clinical tools for the study of the ear. For example, OAEs can provide objective measures of sensitivity and selectivity over the frequency range of 'active' hearing. Given the universality of OAEs across the kingdom Animalia, comparative studies can reveal how various morphological factors affect pe-ripheral auditory transduction and thereby what information is encoded for higher level cognition. Motivated by the complexity of cochlear mechanics and the many unknowns that currently exist, the present study de-scribes OAEs stemming from two non-mammalian groups whose auditory periphery is relatively simpler than that of mammals: several lizard genera (Heloderma, Tiliqua, Agama, and Tupinambis) that exhibit significant relative differences in tectorial membrane structure, and a highly vocal bird species (Melopsittacus undulatus). By utilizing recent improvements in OAE measurement and analysis strategies combined with quantitative anatomical measures (e.g., number of hair cells), these data shed new light upon emission generation mechanisms and how such tie back to a given species' ability to encode ecologically relevant sounds. Furthermore, these data serve to inform theoretical models of auditory biophysics by clarifying what roles various morphological features do (or do not) play.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number050135
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Jun 2 2013Jun 7 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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