BACKGROUND. Intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) occur in the supratentorial and infratentorial regions of the brain. Although histologically similar, the natural history of the tumor at each site differs. The study goal was to determine whether there was evidence of a genetic difference between supratentorial and infratentorial PNETs. METHODS. Using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), 53 PNETs were analyzed to determine copy number aberrations. Forty-three tumors were located in the cerebellum (IPNETs), and ten were supratentorial PNETs (SPNETs). All samples were reviewed to confirm the diagnosis. Each specimen had at least 50% tumor. RESULTS. Six of the 43 cases of IPNET had no copy number aberrations. In contrast, each case of SPNET had copy number aberrations detected by CGH. Statistically significant differences in copy number aberrations of chromosomes 14, 17, and 19 were detected in the two groups. The most common copy number aberration in the IPNETs was gain of chromosome 17q, which was observed in 16 of 43 cases (37%). However, no case of SPNET had gain of 17q. Loss of 14q was detected in four often SPNETs but was not detected in any of the IPNET cases. Loss of 19q was detected in 4 of 10 SPNETs and in only 1 of 43 IPNETs. CONCLUSIONS. These results indicate that the genetic aberrations of IPNETs differ from the genetic aberrations of SPNETs. Although they are similar histologically, SPNETs and IPNETs appear to be biologically distinct entities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jul 15 1999|
- Comparative genomic hybridization
- Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research