Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners

A. Yates, Catherine M Shisslak, J. Allender, M. Crago, K. Leehey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study compares 'obligatory' runners (runners who continue to run despite clear physical injury or contraindications) to nonobligatory runners. Both groups scored within the normal range on most psychological test indices. The two groups had more similarities than differences. The obligatory runners did present more significant elevations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scales than did the nonobligatory runners. Based on their responses to the semistructured interview, the obligatory runners were significantly more concerned and rigid about weight control than the nonobligatory runners and the obligatory runners were more likely to prefer being alone. Obligatory runners were more preoccupied with their bodies and reported more positive changes in self-concept and a greater sense of control over their lives since they had begun to run. Female runners reported more satisfaction with and more positive effects from running than did male runners. Strenuous exertion is known to increase prolactin in male and female runners. Clinical research studies suggest that an increase in prolactin is associated with an obsessive preoccupation with diet and/or exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-189
Number of pages10
JournalPsychosomatics
Volume33
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Prolactin
Psychological Tests
MMPI
Self Concept
Reference Values
Interviews
Diet
Weights and Measures
Wounds and Injuries
Research
Clinical Studies
Self-concept
Clinical Research
Elevation
Physical
Exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Yates, A., Shisslak, C. M., Allender, J., Crago, M., & Leehey, K. (1992). Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners. Psychosomatics, 33(2), 180-189.

Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners. / Yates, A.; Shisslak, Catherine M; Allender, J.; Crago, M.; Leehey, K.

In: Psychosomatics, Vol. 33, No. 2, 1992, p. 180-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yates, A, Shisslak, CM, Allender, J, Crago, M & Leehey, K 1992, 'Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners', Psychosomatics, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 180-189.
Yates A, Shisslak CM, Allender J, Crago M, Leehey K. Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners. Psychosomatics. 1992;33(2):180-189.
Yates, A. ; Shisslak, Catherine M ; Allender, J. ; Crago, M. ; Leehey, K. / Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners. In: Psychosomatics. 1992 ; Vol. 33, No. 2. pp. 180-189.
@article{6ffc86c0384c48df93329bb2f0bca409,
title = "Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners",
abstract = "This study compares 'obligatory' runners (runners who continue to run despite clear physical injury or contraindications) to nonobligatory runners. Both groups scored within the normal range on most psychological test indices. The two groups had more similarities than differences. The obligatory runners did present more significant elevations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scales than did the nonobligatory runners. Based on their responses to the semistructured interview, the obligatory runners were significantly more concerned and rigid about weight control than the nonobligatory runners and the obligatory runners were more likely to prefer being alone. Obligatory runners were more preoccupied with their bodies and reported more positive changes in self-concept and a greater sense of control over their lives since they had begun to run. Female runners reported more satisfaction with and more positive effects from running than did male runners. Strenuous exertion is known to increase prolactin in male and female runners. Clinical research studies suggest that an increase in prolactin is associated with an obsessive preoccupation with diet and/or exercise.",
author = "A. Yates and Shisslak, {Catherine M} and J. Allender and M. Crago and K. Leehey",
year = "1992",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "180--189",
journal = "Psychosomatics",
issn = "0033-3182",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Publishing Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing obligatory to nonobligatory runners

AU - Yates, A.

AU - Shisslak, Catherine M

AU - Allender, J.

AU - Crago, M.

AU - Leehey, K.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - This study compares 'obligatory' runners (runners who continue to run despite clear physical injury or contraindications) to nonobligatory runners. Both groups scored within the normal range on most psychological test indices. The two groups had more similarities than differences. The obligatory runners did present more significant elevations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scales than did the nonobligatory runners. Based on their responses to the semistructured interview, the obligatory runners were significantly more concerned and rigid about weight control than the nonobligatory runners and the obligatory runners were more likely to prefer being alone. Obligatory runners were more preoccupied with their bodies and reported more positive changes in self-concept and a greater sense of control over their lives since they had begun to run. Female runners reported more satisfaction with and more positive effects from running than did male runners. Strenuous exertion is known to increase prolactin in male and female runners. Clinical research studies suggest that an increase in prolactin is associated with an obsessive preoccupation with diet and/or exercise.

AB - This study compares 'obligatory' runners (runners who continue to run despite clear physical injury or contraindications) to nonobligatory runners. Both groups scored within the normal range on most psychological test indices. The two groups had more similarities than differences. The obligatory runners did present more significant elevations of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory scales than did the nonobligatory runners. Based on their responses to the semistructured interview, the obligatory runners were significantly more concerned and rigid about weight control than the nonobligatory runners and the obligatory runners were more likely to prefer being alone. Obligatory runners were more preoccupied with their bodies and reported more positive changes in self-concept and a greater sense of control over their lives since they had begun to run. Female runners reported more satisfaction with and more positive effects from running than did male runners. Strenuous exertion is known to increase prolactin in male and female runners. Clinical research studies suggest that an increase in prolactin is associated with an obsessive preoccupation with diet and/or exercise.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026529889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026529889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1557483

AN - SCOPUS:0026529889

VL - 33

SP - 180

EP - 189

JO - Psychosomatics

JF - Psychosomatics

SN - 0033-3182

IS - 2

ER -