Comparison between adsorption of poliovirus and rotavirus by aluminum hydroxide and activated sludge flocs

S. R. Farrah, S. M. Goyal, Charles P Gerba, R. H. Conklin, E. M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorption of poliovirus and rotavirus by aluminum hydroxide and activated sludge flocs was studied. Both aluminum hydroxide and activated sludge flocs adsorbed greater amounts of poliovirus than rotavirus. Aluminum hydroxide flocs reduced the titer of poliovirus in tap water by 3 log 10, but they only reduced the titer of a simian rotavirus (SA-11) in tap water by 1 log 10 or less and did not noticeably reduce the number of human rotavirus particles present in a dilute stool suspension. Activated sludge flocs reduced the titer of added poliovirus by 0.7 to 1.8 log 10 and reduced the titer of SA-11 by 0.5 log 10 or less. These studies indicate that a basic difference in the adsorptive behavior of enteroviruses and rotaviruses exists and that water and wastewater treatment processes that are highly effective in removal of enteroviruses may not be as effective in removing other viral groups such as rotaviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-363
Number of pages4
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Aluminum Hydroxide
Enterovirus C
aluminum hydroxide
Poliovirus
activated sludge
Rotavirus
Sewage
Adsorption
hydroxide
adsorption
aluminum
Enterovirus
tap water
water treatment
water
Water
Water Purification
Waste Water
wastewater treatment
comparison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Comparison between adsorption of poliovirus and rotavirus by aluminum hydroxide and activated sludge flocs. / Farrah, S. R.; Goyal, S. M.; Gerba, Charles P; Conklin, R. H.; Smith, E. M.

In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1978, p. 360-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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