Comparison of control of Listeria by nitric oxide redox chemistry from murine macrophages and NO donors: Insights into Listeriocidal activity of oxidative and nitrosative stress

Ryohei Ogawa, Roberto Pacelli, Michael G. Espey, Katrina M Miranda, Norman Friedman, SungMee Kim, George Cox, James B. Mitchell, David A. Wink, Angelo Russo

28 Scopus citations


The physiological function of nitric oxide (NO) in the defense against pathogens is multifaceted. The exact chemistry by which NO combats intracellular pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes is yet unresolved. We examined the effects of NO exposure, either delivered by NO donors or generated in situ within ANA-1 murine macrophages, on L. monocytogenes growth. Production of NO by the two NONOate compounds PAPA/NO (NH2(C3H6) (N[N(O)NO]C3H7)) and DEA/NO (Na(C2H5)2N[N(O)NO]) resulted in L. monocytogenes cytostasis with minimal cytotoxicity. Reactive oxygen species generated from xanthine oxidase/hypoxanthine were neither bactericidal nor cytostatic and did not alter the action of NO. L. monocytogenes growth was also suppressed upon internalization into ANA-1 murine macrophages primed with interferon-γ (INF-γ) + tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α or INF-γ + lipid polysaccharide (LPS). Growth suppression correlated with nitrite formation and nitrosation of 2,3-diaminonaphthalene elicited by stimulated murine macrophages. This nitrosative chemistry was not dependent upon nor mediated by interaction with reactive oxygen species (ROS), but resulted solely from NO and intermediates related to nitrosative stress. The role of nitrosation in controlling L. monocytogenes was further examined by monitoring the effects of exposure to NO on an important virulence factor, Listeriolysin O, which was inhibited under nitrosative conditions. These results suggest that nitrosative stress mediated by macrophages is an important component of the immunological arsenal in controlling L. monocytogenes infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2001
Externally publishedYes



  • Free radicals
  • Listeria
  • Nitrosation stress
  • NO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Toxicology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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