Objective: To assess the validity of Doppler flow sonography for the prediction of malignancy in adnexal masses and to compare the results with two-dimensional ultrasonographic examination and CA 125 levels. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 55 patients with adnexal masses were examined using Doppler sonography to measure the resistance index of tumor-associated blood flow profiles. In addition, abdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examinations were performed and preoperative CA 125 serum levels were assessed. Results: Sixteen patients had malignant tumors and 39 had benign tumors. A resistance index cutoff of less than or equal to 0.8 showed the highest sensitivity (93.8%), with a specificity of 56.4%, a positive predictive value of 46.8%, and a negative predictive value of 95.7%. Compared with two-dimensional sonographic evaluation using either a scoring system or subjective assessment, and with CA 125 levels, the resistance index showed higher sensitivity and negative predictive value but lower specificity and positive predictive value. False-positive resistance index values were prevalent with endometriosis, leiomyomata, and mucinous cystade-noma. The combination of the resistance index with either the sonographic features or CA 125 increased the sensitivity and negative predictive value to 100%, with only a slight decrease in specificity and positive predictive value, but was not superior to the combination of two-dimensional sonography and CA 125. Conclusion: Doppler sonographic evaluation of resistance indexes in the vessels of adnexal masses increased the sensitivity of two-dimensional sonography and CA 125. However, 46% of positive Doppler results were false and 37.5% of the benign tumors had low resistance indexes, thus limiting the validity of this technique for screening programs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Obstetrics and gynecology|
|State||Published - Jun 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology