Comparison of nasal pressure transducer and thermistor for detection of respiratory events during polysomnography in children

Rohit Budhiraja, James L. Goodwin, Sairam Parthasarathy, Stuart F. Quan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objectives: The results of small studies have suggested that a nasal-cannula pressure transducer has a higher sensitivity than a thermistor in detecting hypopneas and diagnosing sleep-disordered breathing in both adults and children. We compared a thermistor alone, and in conjunction with a pressure transducer, for detection of sleep-disordered breathing in children during in-home polysomnography. Design: Retrospective analysis of a subsample of a prospective cohort study. Setting: Students attending elementary school in the Tucson Unified School District. Participants: A subsample of the Tucson Children's Assessment of Sleep Apnea study population. Measurements and Results: Polysomnographic recordings of 40 children (24 girls and 16 boys, mean age 9.2±1.7 years; range 6-11 years) were analyzed to compare the detection of sleep-disordered breathing events by 2 different methods of measuring airflow: thermistor alone and thermistor with nasal-cannula pressure transducer (transducer) used simultaneously. The transducer detected all the respiratory events detected by the thermistor, but the thermistor detected only 84% of the transducer-defined events. Consequently, the transducer-derived mean respiratory disturbance index was higher than that detected by the thermistor (7.0±3.8 vs 5.9±3.4, P<.001). The bias error between transducer respiratory disturbance index and thermistor respiratory disturbance index on a Bland-Altman plot was 1.08 (95% confidence interval, 0.8-1.4). There was good agreement between the thermistor and the transducer for making the diagnosis of sleep apnea using a cutoff of a respiratory disturbance index greater than 5 (κ=0.69). The quality of the tracings with the transducer was comparable to that of the thermistor, but the transducer dislodged more frequently. Conclusion: The use of a nasal transducer in conjunction with a thermistor was more sensitive than the thermistor alone in detecting sleep-disordered breathing in children during unattended polysomnography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1117-1121
Number of pages5
JournalSleep
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Children
  • Sleep
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
  • Thermistor
  • Transducer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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