Methods to detect Taura syndrome virus (TSV) were assessed for their ability to detect the virus during chronic phase infection in the Pacific white shrimp Penaeus vannamei. In situ hybridization (ISH), immunohistochemistry (IHC) using monoclonal antibody 1A1, conventional RT-PCR and real-time quantitative (q)RT-PCR were compared using shrimp sampled over 60 wk following experimental TSV infection. Between Weeks 7 and 60, hematoxylin-eosin histology confirmed the presence of lymphoid organ spheroids (LOS) and an absence of lesions in the cuticular epithelium. ISH detected TSV in LOS over the duration of the study. IHC was generally less sensitive than ISH, and after Week 24, was often unable to confirm TSV infection. Detection of TSV by RT-PCR was highly dependent on sample source after Week 43, where viral RNA was detected in 12 of 14 hemolymph samples but only 5 of 16 pleopod samples. qRT-PCR detected TSV over the 60 wk in both hemolymph and pleopods, although RNA copy numbers in pleopods were consistently lower throughout the study. This study demonstrates that ISH and qRT-PCR are the most reliable methods for detecting TSV during late chronic phase infection. RT-PCR was also reliable if hemolymph was used as the sample source.
- In situ hybridization
- Taura syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science