Comparison of the chemical reactivity of synthetic peroxynitrite with that of the autoxidation products of nitroxyl or its anion

Joel H. Jorolan, Lisa Ann Buttitta, Cheryl Cheah, Katrina M Miranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Donors of nitroxyl (HNO) exhibit pharmacological properties that are potentially favorable for treatment of a variety of diseases. To fully evaluate the pharmacological utility of HNO, it is therefore important to understand its chemistry, particularly involvement in deleterious biological reactions. Of particular note is the cytotoxic species formed from HNO autoxidation that is capable of inducing double strand DNA breaks. The identity of this species remains elusive, but a conceivable product is peroxynitrous acid. However, chemical comparison studies have demonstrated that HNO autoxidation leads to a unique reactive nitrogen oxide species to that of synthetic peroxynitrite. Here, we extend the analysis to include a new preparation of peroxynitrite formed via autoxidation of nitroxyl anion (NO-). Both peroxynitrite preparations exhibited similar chemical profiles, although autoxidation of NO- provided a more reliable sample of peroxynitrite. Furthermore, the observed dissimilarities to the HNO donor Angeli's salt substantiate that HNO autoxidation produces a unique intermediate from peroxynitrite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalNitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2015

Fingerprint

Chemical reactivity
Peroxynitrous Acid
Anions
Pharmacology
Reactive Nitrogen Species
Double-Stranded DNA Breaks
nitroxyl
Nitric Oxide
DNA

Keywords

  • Angelis salt
  • Autoxidation
  • IPA/NO
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitroxyl
  • Peroxynitrite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research
  • Physiology

Cite this

Comparison of the chemical reactivity of synthetic peroxynitrite with that of the autoxidation products of nitroxyl or its anion. / Jorolan, Joel H.; Buttitta, Lisa Ann; Cheah, Cheryl; Miranda, Katrina M.

In: Nitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry, Vol. 44, 02.04.2015, p. 39-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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