Comparison of the contributions of the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments to global gene expression in human cells

Roger A. Barthelson, Georgina M. Lambert, Cheryl Vanier, Ron Lynch, David W Galbraith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In the most general sense, studies involving global analysis of gene expression aim to provide a comprehensive catalog of the components involved in the production of recognizable cellular phenotypes. These studies are often limited by the available technologies. One technology, based on microarrays, categorizes gene expression in terms of the abundance of RNA transcripts, and typically employs RNA prepared from whole cells, where cytoplasmic RNA predominates. Results: Using microarrays comprising oligonucleotide probes that represent either protein-coding transcripts or microRNAs (miRNA), we have studied global transcript accumulation patterns for the HepG2 (human hepatoma) cell line. Through subdividing the total pool of RNA transcripts into samples from nuclei, the cytoplasm, and whole cells, we determined the degree of correlation of these patterns across these different subcellular locations. The transcript and miRNA abundance patterns for the three RNA fractions were largely similar, but with some exceptions: nuclear RNA samples were enriched with respect to the cytoplasm in transcripts encoding proteins associated with specific nuclear functions, such as the cell cycle, mitosis, and transcription. The cytoplasmic RNA fraction also was enriched, when compared to the nucleus, in transcripts for proteins related to specific nuclear functions, including the cell cycle, DNA replication, and DNA repair. Some transcripts related to the ubiquitin cycle, and transcripts for various membrane proteins were sorted into either the nuclear or cytoplasmic fractions. Conclusion: Enrichment or compartmentalization of cell cycle and ubiquitin cycle transcripts within the nucleus may be related to the regulation of their expression, by preventing their translation to proteins. In this way, these cellular functions may be tightly controlled by regulating the release of mRNA from the nucleus and thereby the expression of key rate limiting steps in these pathways. Many miRNA precursors were also enriched in the nuclear samples, with significantly fewer being enriched in the cytoplasm. Studies of mRNA localization will help to clarify the roles RNA processing and transport play in the regulation of cellular function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number340
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 25 2007

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RNA
Gene Expression
MicroRNAs
Cell Cycle
Cytoplasm
Ubiquitin
RNA Transport
Technology
Nuclear RNA
Messenger RNA
Proteins
Oligonucleotide Probes
Protein Biosynthesis
DNA Replication
Mitosis
DNA Repair
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Membrane Proteins
Phenotype
Cell Line

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Comparison of the contributions of the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments to global gene expression in human cells. / Barthelson, Roger A.; Lambert, Georgina M.; Vanier, Cheryl; Lynch, Ron; Galbraith, David W.

In: BMC Genomics, Vol. 8, 340, 25.09.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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