Comparisons between an Upland and a Pima cotton cultivar: I. Growth and yield

Bryan L. Unruh, Jeffrey Silvertooth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

American Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) is an extra-long staple cotton produced in the southwestern USA and in other regions around the world. Pima cotton generally yields less than Upland (G. hirsutum L.), but there have not been any studies conducted to document the basis for these differences. Field trials were conducted at two south-central Arizona locations from 1990 through 1992 for the purpose of comparing growth and yield between representative cultivars of Upland and Pima cotton. The aboveground portion of Upland 'Deltapine 90' (DPL 90) and Pima 'S-6' were harvested and separated into stems, leaves (including petioles), burs (carpel walls), lint, and seeds. The bur fraction also included immature fruiting forms. Dry matter accumulation was modeled as a function of heat units (HU) accumulated after planting (HUAP). Both cultivars exhibited a linear increase of total dry matter over the duration of sampling. By the end of sampling, DPL 90 produced more total, stem, seed, lint, and reproductive (bur + seed + lint) dry matter than Pima S-6; the dry matter that accumulated in leaves, bur fraction, and vegetative structures (leaf + stem) did not differ. The reproductive/vegetative ratio (RVR) was found to be similar for both cultivars, increasing rapidly with HU accumulation. Comparisons of lint dry matter accumulation as a function of RVR and harvest index (HI) revealed that DPL 90 yields more lint than Pima S-6 due to a greater total biomass production and more efficient partitioning of dry matter into reproductive organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-589
Number of pages7
JournalAgronomy Journal
Volume88
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1996

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lint cotton
Gossypium barbadense
highlands
cotton
cultivars
dry matter accumulation
stems
seeds
heat
leaves
lint yield
carpels
dry matter partitioning
petioles
harvest index
fruiting
biomass production
field experimentation
immatures
planting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Comparisons between an Upland and a Pima cotton cultivar : I. Growth and yield. / Unruh, Bryan L.; Silvertooth, Jeffrey.

In: Agronomy Journal, Vol. 88, No. 4, 07.1996, p. 583-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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