Comparisons of aircraft, ship, and buoy radiation and SST measurements from TOGA COARE

Sean P. Burns, Djamal Khelif, Carl A. Friehe, Phil Hignett, Alastair G. Williams, Alan L.M. Grant, Jörg M. Hacker, Denise E. Hagan, Yolande L. Serra, David P. Rogers, E. Frank Bradley, Robert A. Weller, Chris W. Fairall, Steven P. Anderson, Clayton A. Paulson, Peter A. Coppin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mean radiative fluxes and sea surface temperature measured by the five Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) boundary layer research aircraft were compared with each other and with surface measurements from moored buoys and ships. The basic data-processing techniques for radiative flux and sea surface temperature (SST) measurements from an aircraft were reviewed, and an empirical optimization method to calibrate an Eppley pyrgeometer was introduced. On the basis of aircraft wingtip-to-wingtip comparison periods, the processed aircraft downwelling shortwave and longwave irradiance and SST measurements were found to agree to 28±18 W m-2, 9±4 W m-2, and 0.7±0.4°C, respectively. By using the same comparison periods, empirical corrections that removed systematic errors in the aircraft data were determined. Application of these corrections improved the wingtip comparison accuracy to 3±16 W m-2, 1±4 W m-2, and 0.1±0.3°C, respectively. Comparisons between the (fully corrected) aircraft and the surface platform measurements revealed the aircraft data to be slightly greater for all three parameters. The agreement was around 3±37 W m-2, 3±6 W m-2, and 0.3±0.5°C for shortwave irradiance, longwave irradiance, and SST, respectively. (Detailed comparison results were provided for each individual ship and buoy.) After applying the aircraft empirical corrections the level of accuracy was near the COARE objectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000JD900090
Pages (from-to)15627-15652
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume105
Issue numberD12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 27 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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  • Cite this

    Burns, S. P., Khelif, D., Friehe, C. A., Hignett, P., Williams, A. G., Grant, A. L. M., Hacker, J. M., Hagan, D. E., Serra, Y. L., Rogers, D. P., Bradley, E. F., Weller, R. A., Fairall, C. W., Anderson, S. P., Paulson, C. A., & Coppin, P. A. (2000). Comparisons of aircraft, ship, and buoy radiation and SST measurements from TOGA COARE. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 105(D12), 15627-15652. [2000JD900090]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JD900090