Compensatory cognition associated with egalitarian goals

Gordon B. Moskowitz, Peizhong Li, Courtney Ignarri, Jeff Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two experiments examine nonconscious processes that facilitate pursuing egalitarian goals. It was hypothesized that when working on a task not known to be relevant to egalitarian goals there is heightened ability to detect opportunities to goal pursuit (goal-relevant people) embedded in the task, even when they are best ignored for optimal performance. Further, this selective attention should cease when the goal is sated, despite increased semantic accessibility of these opportunities that results from satiation. Experiment one introduced egalitarian goals via writing an essay about failing to be egalitarian to Black men. Next, an ostensibly unrelated task presented Black and White men in an array of faces as distracters to a focal task. Task performance was disrupted only by arrays containing Black men, and only among participants primed with egalitarian goals. This was not due to increased semantic accessibility of the concept "Black men." Experiment two had all participants write failure essays and then write second essays. Half wrote affirming essays about egalitarianism and Black men. Despite this increased semantic accessibility of the group "Black men," distracted attention was not evidenced. Instead, the goal had been satisfied and goal pursuit shut down. In contrast, the remaining participants wrote affirming essays in an irrelevant domain. Despite the decreased semantic accessibility, goal accessibility remained and was evidenced by selective attention to Black men. These findings reveal Black men are associated not with stereotypes, but egalitarian goals. They also point to the role goal completion versus self affirmation play in goal pursuit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • Auto-motives
  • Automaticity
  • Conpensatory cognition
  • Goal shielding
  • Goals
  • Self regulation
  • Stereotype control
  • Stereotypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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