Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface

Robert H. Brown, Roger N. Clark, Bonnie J. Buratti, Dale P. Cruikshank, Jason W. Barnes, Rachel M E Mastrapa, J. Bauer, S. Newman, T. Momary, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, M. Combes, A. Coradini, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langavin, D. L. MatsonT. B. McCord, R. M. Nelson, P. D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

147 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Observations of Saturn's satellite Enceladus using Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer instrument were obtained during three flybys of Enceladus in 2005. Enceladus' surface is composed mostly of nearly pure water ice except near its south pole, where there are light organics, CO2, and amorphous and crystalline water ice, particularly in the region dubbed the "tiger stripes." An upper limit of 5 precipitable nanometers is derived for CO in the atmospheric column above Enceladus, and 2% for NH 3 in global surface deposits. Upper limits of 140 kelvin (for a filled pixel) are derived for the temperatures in the tiger stripes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1425-1428
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume311
Issue number5766
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2006

Fingerprint

Tigers
Surface Properties
Ice
Saturn
Water
Carbon Monoxide
Light
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Brown, R. H., Clark, R. N., Buratti, B. J., Cruikshank, D. P., Barnes, J. W., Mastrapa, R. M. E., ... Sotin, C. (2006). Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface. Science, 311(5766), 1425-1428. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121031

Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface. / Brown, Robert H.; Clark, Roger N.; Buratti, Bonnie J.; Cruikshank, Dale P.; Barnes, Jason W.; Mastrapa, Rachel M E; Bauer, J.; Newman, S.; Momary, T.; Baines, K. H.; Bellucci, G.; Capaccioni, F.; Cerroni, P.; Combes, M.; Coradini, A.; Drossart, P.; Formisano, V.; Jaumann, R.; Langavin, Y.; Matson, D. L.; McCord, T. B.; Nelson, R. M.; Nicholson, P. D.; Sicardy, B.; Sotin, C.

In: Science, Vol. 311, No. 5766, 10.03.2006, p. 1425-1428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, RH, Clark, RN, Buratti, BJ, Cruikshank, DP, Barnes, JW, Mastrapa, RME, Bauer, J, Newman, S, Momary, T, Baines, KH, Bellucci, G, Capaccioni, F, Cerroni, P, Combes, M, Coradini, A, Drossart, P, Formisano, V, Jaumann, R, Langavin, Y, Matson, DL, McCord, TB, Nelson, RM, Nicholson, PD, Sicardy, B & Sotin, C 2006, 'Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface', Science, vol. 311, no. 5766, pp. 1425-1428. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121031
Brown RH, Clark RN, Buratti BJ, Cruikshank DP, Barnes JW, Mastrapa RME et al. Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface. Science. 2006 Mar 10;311(5766):1425-1428. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1121031
Brown, Robert H. ; Clark, Roger N. ; Buratti, Bonnie J. ; Cruikshank, Dale P. ; Barnes, Jason W. ; Mastrapa, Rachel M E ; Bauer, J. ; Newman, S. ; Momary, T. ; Baines, K. H. ; Bellucci, G. ; Capaccioni, F. ; Cerroni, P. ; Combes, M. ; Coradini, A. ; Drossart, P. ; Formisano, V. ; Jaumann, R. ; Langavin, Y. ; Matson, D. L. ; McCord, T. B. ; Nelson, R. M. ; Nicholson, P. D. ; Sicardy, B. ; Sotin, C. / Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface. In: Science. 2006 ; Vol. 311, No. 5766. pp. 1425-1428.
@article{af34dd4b8a904dbdb31cdeb50c5a857a,
title = "Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface",
abstract = "Observations of Saturn's satellite Enceladus using Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer instrument were obtained during three flybys of Enceladus in 2005. Enceladus' surface is composed mostly of nearly pure water ice except near its south pole, where there are light organics, CO2, and amorphous and crystalline water ice, particularly in the region dubbed the {"}tiger stripes.{"} An upper limit of 5 precipitable nanometers is derived for CO in the atmospheric column above Enceladus, and 2{\%} for NH 3 in global surface deposits. Upper limits of 140 kelvin (for a filled pixel) are derived for the temperatures in the tiger stripes.",
author = "Brown, {Robert H.} and Clark, {Roger N.} and Buratti, {Bonnie J.} and Cruikshank, {Dale P.} and Barnes, {Jason W.} and Mastrapa, {Rachel M E} and J. Bauer and S. Newman and T. Momary and Baines, {K. H.} and G. Bellucci and F. Capaccioni and P. Cerroni and M. Combes and A. Coradini and P. Drossart and V. Formisano and R. Jaumann and Y. Langavin and Matson, {D. L.} and McCord, {T. B.} and Nelson, {R. M.} and Nicholson, {P. D.} and B. Sicardy and C. Sotin",
year = "2006",
month = "3",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1126/science.1121031",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "311",
pages = "1425--1428",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5766",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface

AU - Brown, Robert H.

AU - Clark, Roger N.

AU - Buratti, Bonnie J.

AU - Cruikshank, Dale P.

AU - Barnes, Jason W.

AU - Mastrapa, Rachel M E

AU - Bauer, J.

AU - Newman, S.

AU - Momary, T.

AU - Baines, K. H.

AU - Bellucci, G.

AU - Capaccioni, F.

AU - Cerroni, P.

AU - Combes, M.

AU - Coradini, A.

AU - Drossart, P.

AU - Formisano, V.

AU - Jaumann, R.

AU - Langavin, Y.

AU - Matson, D. L.

AU - McCord, T. B.

AU - Nelson, R. M.

AU - Nicholson, P. D.

AU - Sicardy, B.

AU - Sotin, C.

PY - 2006/3/10

Y1 - 2006/3/10

N2 - Observations of Saturn's satellite Enceladus using Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer instrument were obtained during three flybys of Enceladus in 2005. Enceladus' surface is composed mostly of nearly pure water ice except near its south pole, where there are light organics, CO2, and amorphous and crystalline water ice, particularly in the region dubbed the "tiger stripes." An upper limit of 5 precipitable nanometers is derived for CO in the atmospheric column above Enceladus, and 2% for NH 3 in global surface deposits. Upper limits of 140 kelvin (for a filled pixel) are derived for the temperatures in the tiger stripes.

AB - Observations of Saturn's satellite Enceladus using Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer instrument were obtained during three flybys of Enceladus in 2005. Enceladus' surface is composed mostly of nearly pure water ice except near its south pole, where there are light organics, CO2, and amorphous and crystalline water ice, particularly in the region dubbed the "tiger stripes." An upper limit of 5 precipitable nanometers is derived for CO in the atmospheric column above Enceladus, and 2% for NH 3 in global surface deposits. Upper limits of 140 kelvin (for a filled pixel) are derived for the temperatures in the tiger stripes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33644858580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33644858580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1121031

DO - 10.1126/science.1121031

M3 - Article

C2 - 16527972

AN - SCOPUS:33644858580

VL - 311

SP - 1425

EP - 1428

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5766

ER -