Compositional maps of Saturn's moon Phoebe from imaging spectroscopy

Roger N. Clark, Robert H. Brown, Ralf Jaumann, Dale P. Cruikshank, Robert M. Nelson, Bonnie J. Buratti, Thomas B. McCord, J. Lunine, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, J. P. Bibring, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni, A. Coradini, V. Formisano, Y. Langevin, D. L. Matson, V. Mennella, P. D. Nicholson, B. SicardyC. Sotin, Todd M. Hoefen, John M. Curchin, Gary Hansen, Karl Hibbits, K. D. Matz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

The origin of Phoebe, which is the outermost large satellite of Saturn, is of particular interest because its inclined, retrograde orbit suggests that it was gravitationally captured by Saturn, having accreted outside the region of the solar nebula in which Saturn formed. By contrast, Saturn's regular satellites (with prograde, low-inclination, circular orbits) probably accreted within the sub-nebula in which Saturn itself formed. Here we report imaging spectroscopy of Phoebe resulting from the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft encounter on 11 June 2004. We mapped ferrous-iron-bearing minerals, bound water, trapped CO2, probable phyllosilicates, organics, nitriles and cyanide compounds. Detection of these compounds on Phoebe makes it one of the most compositionally diverse objects yet observed in our Solar System. It is likely that Phoebe's surface contains primitive materials from the outer Solar System, indicating a surface of cometary origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume435
Issue number7038
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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