Computational characterization of mutations in cardiac troponin T known to cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Pia J. Guinto, Edward P. Manning, Steven D. Schwartz, Jil C. Tardiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiac Troponin T (cTnT) is a central modulator of thin filament regulation of myofilament activation. The lack of structural data for the TNT1 tail domain, a proposed a-helical region, makes the functional implications of the FHC mutations difficult to determine. Studies have suggested that flexibility of TNT1 is important in normal protein-protein interactions within the thin filament. Our groups have previously shown through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations that some FHC mutations, Arg92Leu (R92L) and Arg92Trp (R92W), result in increased flexibility at a critical hinge region 18 Angstroms distant from the mutation. To explain this distant effect and its implications for FHC mutations, we characterized the dynamics of wild type and mutational segments of cTnT using MD. Our data shows an opening of the helix between residues 105-110 in mutants. Consequently, the dihedral angles of these residues correspond to non-α-helical regions on Ramachandran plots. We hypothesize the removal of a charged residue decreases electrostatic repulsion between the point mutation and the surrounding residues resulting in local helical compaction. Constrained ends of the helix and localized compaction result in expansion within the nearest non-charged helical turn from the mutation site, residues 105-109.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-419
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Flexibility
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Mutations
  • TNT1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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