Computationally Optimizing the Compliance of a Biopolymer Based Tissue Engineered Vascular Graft

Scott Harrison, Ehab Tamimi, Josh Uhlorn, Tim Leach, Jonathan P. Vande Geest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of death among Americans for which coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a standard surgical treatment. The success of CABG surgery is impaired by a compliance mismatch between vascular grafts and native vessels. Tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) have the potential to be compliance matched and thereby reduce the risk of graft failure. Glutaraldehyde (GLUT) vapor-crosslinked gelatin/fibrinogen constructs were fabricated and mechanically tested in a previous study by our research group at 2, 8, and 24 hrs of GLUT vapor exposure. The current study details a computational method that was developed to predict the material properties of our constructs for crosslinking times between 2 and 24 hrs by interpolating the 2, 8, and 24 hrs crosslinking time data. matlab and abaqus were used to determine the optimal combination of fabrication parameters to produce a compliance matched construct. The validity of the method was tested by creating a 16-hr crosslinked construct of 130 μm thickness and comparing its compliance to that predicted by the optimization algorithm. The predicted compliance of the 16-hr construct was 0.00059 mm Hg-1 while the experimentally determined compliance was 0.00065 mm Hg-1, a relative difference of 9.2%. Prior data in our laboratory has shown the compliance of the left anterior descending porcine coronary (LADC) artery to be 0.00071 ± 0.0003 mm Hg-1. Our optimization algorithm predicts that a 258-μm-thick construct that is GLUT vapor crosslinked for 8.1 hrs would match LADC compliance. This result is consistent with our previous work demonstrating that an 8-hr GLUT vapor crosslinked construct produces a compliance that is not significantly different from a porcine coronary LADC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014505
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Volume138
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • biopolymer
  • compliance matched
  • electrospinning
  • glutaraldehyde
  • optimization
  • small diameter vascular graft
  • tissue engineered vascular graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)

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