Computer-assisted terrain stratification

Michael J. Medler, Stephen Yool

1 Scopus citations


Terrain influences many ecological processes. Therefore, ecologists must consider terrain effects in sampling designs. Incomplete information on the ecological role of terrain, however, makes it difficult to account for terrain variability in sample designs. As a partial solution, we introduce a protocol that automatically stratifies complex terrain. This stratification method uses image-processing techniques to cluster digital images of slope, elevation, and aspect into homogeneous groupings. The technique is demonstrated for a stratification of complex terrain disturbed by a large forest fire. By identifying terrain complexity at several spatial resolutions, we were able to place transects that sample terrain variability and fire severity representatively across a controlled range of scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-443
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Geography
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998



  • Image processing
  • Sample design
  • Stratification
  • Terrain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Geography, Planning and Development

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