Computing With Non-Orientable Defects: Nematics, Smectics and Natural Patterns

Chiqun Zhang, Amit Acharya, Alan C. Newell, Shankar C. Venkataramani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Defects, a ubiquitous feature of ordered media, have certain universal features, independent of the underlying physical system, reflecting their topological, as opposed to energetic properties. We exploit this universality, in conjunction with smoothing defects by “spreading them out,” to develop a modeling framework and associated numerical methods that are applicable to computing energy driven behaviors of defects across the amorphous-soft-crystalline materials spectrum. Motivated by ideas for dealing with elastic-plastic solids with line defects, our methods can handle order parameters that have a head-tail symmetry, i.e. director fields, in systems with a continuous translation symmetry, as in nematic liquid crystals, and in systems where the translation symmetry is broken, as in smectics and convection patterns. We illustrate our methods with explicit computations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jan 30 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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